Potential Contribution of Leisure Activity to the Energy-Expenditure Patterns of Sedentary Populations

MBE Livingstone, JJ Strain, AM Prentice, WA Coward, GB Nevin, ME Barker, RJ Hickey, PG McKenna, RG Whitehead

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Abstract

Total daily energy expenditure (TEE) by the doubly-labelled ((H2O)-H-2-O-18 water method and basal metabolic rate (BMR) by indirect calorimetry were measured in thirty-two healthy free-living adults in Northern Ireland. Habitual physical activity patterns in occupational and discretionary activities were assessed by interview questionnaire. Expressed as a multiple of BMR the TEE values for the sixteen males (1.88(SD 0.28), range 1.44-2.57) and sixteen females (1.77(SD 0.16), range 1.50-2.06) were compatible with current Department of Health and Social Security (DHSS; 1979) and Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization/United Nations University (FAO/WHO/UNU; 1985) estimates of energy requirements. The results suggest that discretionary physical activity is now emerging as an equally important determinant of energy expenditure in the UK as the occupational classifications currently used as the basis of DHSS (1979) and FAO/WHO/UNU (1985) recommendations for energy requirements. Therefore, realistically achievable inputs of recreational exercise can have a significant impact in counteracting low levels of energy expenditure which are associated with modern lifestyles and are implicated as a risk factor for coronary heart disease and obesity.
LanguageEnglish
Pages145-155
JournalBRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION
Volume65
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1991

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Leisure Activities
Energy Metabolism
Basal Metabolism
Population
Northern Ireland
Indirect Calorimetry
United Nations
Social Security
Agriculture
Coronary Disease
Life Style
Obesity
Organizations
Interviews
Food
Water
Health
di-n-hexyl sulfosuccinate

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Livingstone, MBE ; Strain, JJ ; Prentice, AM ; Coward, WA ; Nevin, GB ; Barker, ME ; Hickey, RJ ; McKenna, PG ; Whitehead, RG. / Potential Contribution of Leisure Activity to the Energy-Expenditure Patterns of Sedentary Populations. In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION. 1991 ; Vol. 65, No. 2. pp. 145-155.
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Livingstone, MBE, Strain, JJ, Prentice, AM, Coward, WA, Nevin, GB, Barker, ME, Hickey, RJ, McKenna, PG & Whitehead, RG 1991, 'Potential Contribution of Leisure Activity to the Energy-Expenditure Patterns of Sedentary Populations', BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, vol. 65, no. 2, pp. 145-155.

Potential Contribution of Leisure Activity to the Energy-Expenditure Patterns of Sedentary Populations. / Livingstone, MBE; Strain, JJ; Prentice, AM; Coward, WA; Nevin, GB; Barker, ME; Hickey, RJ; McKenna, PG; Whitehead, RG.

In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION, Vol. 65, No. 2, 03.1991, p. 145-155.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Potential Contribution of Leisure Activity to the Energy-Expenditure Patterns of Sedentary Populations

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AB - Total daily energy expenditure (TEE) by the doubly-labelled ((H2O)-H-2-O-18 water method and basal metabolic rate (BMR) by indirect calorimetry were measured in thirty-two healthy free-living adults in Northern Ireland. Habitual physical activity patterns in occupational and discretionary activities were assessed by interview questionnaire. Expressed as a multiple of BMR the TEE values for the sixteen males (1.88(SD 0.28), range 1.44-2.57) and sixteen females (1.77(SD 0.16), range 1.50-2.06) were compatible with current Department of Health and Social Security (DHSS; 1979) and Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization/United Nations University (FAO/WHO/UNU; 1985) estimates of energy requirements. The results suggest that discretionary physical activity is now emerging as an equally important determinant of energy expenditure in the UK as the occupational classifications currently used as the basis of DHSS (1979) and FAO/WHO/UNU (1985) recommendations for energy requirements. Therefore, realistically achievable inputs of recreational exercise can have a significant impact in counteracting low levels of energy expenditure which are associated with modern lifestyles and are implicated as a risk factor for coronary heart disease and obesity.

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