Postural Sway, Balance Confidence, and Fear of Falling in Women With Knee Osteoarthritis in Comparison to Matched Controls

M Taglietti, LF Dela Bela, JM Dias, AR Pelegrinelli, JF Nogueira, JP Batista Júnior, RG Carvalho, JG McVeigh, LM Facci, FA Moura, JR Cardoso

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    Abstract

    BACKGROUND:Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic degenerative disease that commonly affects the knee joints. Individuals more than 65 years of age with knee OA have a greater risk of falls. However, there has been limited examination of the parameters of postural sway (increased time, speed, and postural sway area [center of pressure{CoP}]), and OA of the knee.OBJECTIVES:The primary objective of this study was to determine whether the CoP variables discriminate between patients with knee OA and matched healthy volunteers, and to correlate the CoP variables with the Activities-Specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC) and Falls Self-Efficacy Scale (FES). The secondary objective was to compare the CoP of older women with OA with a control group in bipedal support condition with eyes opened and closed.DESIGN:Cross-sectional study.SETTING:University Biomechanics Laboratory.PARTICIPANTS:A total of 22 participants were divided into the following 2 groups of 11 participants each: an OA group (mean = 68 years, standard deviation = 7.4 years) and a control group (mean = 66 years, standard deviation = 4.4 years).METHODS:Static postural balance was measured by a portable force platform. Data were collected in both visual conditions (eyes open and closed), in random order. Three attempts of 30 seconds were allowed for each participant on the force platform, with a 1-minute interval between attempts.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:Variables were the CoP total displacement of sway (TDS, in centimeters), anteroposterior amplitude displacement (APAD, in centimeters), medial-lateral amplitude displacement (MLAD, in centimeters), total mean velocity (TMV, in centimeters per second), and dispersion of the center of pressure (AREA, in centimeters squared).RESULTS:The postural sway analysis found statistically significant differences in the eyes open condition for the TDS (P = .020), APAD (P = .042), TMV (P = .010), and AREA (P = .045). In the discriminant analysis, none of the CoP variables were able to classify the groups (P = .15). The correlation analysis showed that only the AREA with eyes closed was associated with the ABC Scale (rho = -0.42).CONCLUSIONS:Women with knee OA had greater postural sway when compared with a control group for the eyes open condition. CoP variables could not discriminate between the groups. The AREA was negatively correlated with the ABC Scale, when the eyes were closed.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)31167-31174
    JournalPM & R
    Volume9
    Early online date19 Nov 2016
    DOIs
    Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 19 Nov 2016

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    Keywords

    • Osteoarthritis
    • Aged
    • Postural Balance
    • Knee

    Cite this

    Taglietti, M., Dela Bela, LF., Dias, JM., Pelegrinelli, AR., Nogueira, JF., Batista Júnior, JP., ... Cardoso, JR. (2016). Postural Sway, Balance Confidence, and Fear of Falling in Women With Knee Osteoarthritis in Comparison to Matched Controls. PM & R, 9, 31167-31174. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmrj.2016.11.003