Posttraumatic Stress Disorderʼs Underlying Dimensions and Their Relation With Impulsivity Facets

Ateka A. Contractor, Cherie Armour, David Forbes, Jon D. Elhai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Research indicates a significant relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and impulsivity (Kotler, Julian, Efront, and Amir, J Nerv Ment Dis 189:162-167, 2001; Ledgerwood and Petry, J Trauma Stress 19:411-416, 2006). The present study assessed relations between PTSD symptom clusters and impulsivity subscales in an effort to assess the specific impulsivity component most related to PTSD's alterations in arousal/reactivity and alterations in mood/cognitions symptoms. In the current study, the PTSD Checklist for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition, and the UPPS Impulsivity Scale were administered to a sample of 412 nonclinical subjects with a trauma history. Results indicated that PTSD's alterations in arousal/reactivity and mood/cognition factors were most related to impulsivity's sensation-seeking tendency compared with other impulsivity components. Results highlight the importance of assessing and addressing (1) sensation-seeking tendencies and (2) urges to act impulsively when experiencing negative affect in trauma treatment. Furthermore, it is possible that sensation-seeking tendencies are primarily driving the comorbidity between PTSD and certain impulsive behaviors.
LanguageEnglish
Pages20-25
JournalThe Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
Volume204
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Fingerprint

Impulsive Behavior
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Arousal
Cognition
Wounds and Injuries
Checklist
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Comorbidity
Research

Keywords

  • PTSD
  • impulsivity
  • sensation seeking tendencies
  • alteration in arousal/reactivity
  • negative alteration in mood and cognitions

Cite this

Contractor, Ateka A. ; Armour, Cherie ; Forbes, David ; Elhai, Jon D. / Posttraumatic Stress Disorderʼs Underlying Dimensions and Their Relation With Impulsivity Facets. In: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. 2016 ; Vol. 204, No. 1. pp. 20-25.
@article{872c06063f44452d9c13a361b47d2f9e,
title = "Posttraumatic Stress Disorderʼs Underlying Dimensions and Their Relation With Impulsivity Facets",
abstract = "Research indicates a significant relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and impulsivity (Kotler, Julian, Efront, and Amir, J Nerv Ment Dis 189:162-167, 2001; Ledgerwood and Petry, J Trauma Stress 19:411-416, 2006). The present study assessed relations between PTSD symptom clusters and impulsivity subscales in an effort to assess the specific impulsivity component most related to PTSD's alterations in arousal/reactivity and alterations in mood/cognitions symptoms. In the current study, the PTSD Checklist for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition, and the UPPS Impulsivity Scale were administered to a sample of 412 nonclinical subjects with a trauma history. Results indicated that PTSD's alterations in arousal/reactivity and mood/cognition factors were most related to impulsivity's sensation-seeking tendency compared with other impulsivity components. Results highlight the importance of assessing and addressing (1) sensation-seeking tendencies and (2) urges to act impulsively when experiencing negative affect in trauma treatment. Furthermore, it is possible that sensation-seeking tendencies are primarily driving the comorbidity between PTSD and certain impulsive behaviors.",
keywords = "PTSD, impulsivity, sensation seeking tendencies, alteration in arousal/reactivity, negative alteration in mood and cognitions",
author = "Contractor, {Ateka A.} and Cherie Armour and David Forbes and Elhai, {Jon D.}",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1097/NMD.0000000000000417",
language = "English",
volume = "204",
pages = "20--25",
journal = "Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease",
issn = "0022-3018",
number = "1",

}

Posttraumatic Stress Disorderʼs Underlying Dimensions and Their Relation With Impulsivity Facets. / Contractor, Ateka A.; Armour, Cherie; Forbes, David; Elhai, Jon D.

In: The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, Vol. 204, No. 1, 2016, p. 20-25.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Posttraumatic Stress Disorderʼs Underlying Dimensions and Their Relation With Impulsivity Facets

AU - Contractor, Ateka A.

AU - Armour, Cherie

AU - Forbes, David

AU - Elhai, Jon D.

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Research indicates a significant relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and impulsivity (Kotler, Julian, Efront, and Amir, J Nerv Ment Dis 189:162-167, 2001; Ledgerwood and Petry, J Trauma Stress 19:411-416, 2006). The present study assessed relations between PTSD symptom clusters and impulsivity subscales in an effort to assess the specific impulsivity component most related to PTSD's alterations in arousal/reactivity and alterations in mood/cognitions symptoms. In the current study, the PTSD Checklist for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition, and the UPPS Impulsivity Scale were administered to a sample of 412 nonclinical subjects with a trauma history. Results indicated that PTSD's alterations in arousal/reactivity and mood/cognition factors were most related to impulsivity's sensation-seeking tendency compared with other impulsivity components. Results highlight the importance of assessing and addressing (1) sensation-seeking tendencies and (2) urges to act impulsively when experiencing negative affect in trauma treatment. Furthermore, it is possible that sensation-seeking tendencies are primarily driving the comorbidity between PTSD and certain impulsive behaviors.

AB - Research indicates a significant relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and impulsivity (Kotler, Julian, Efront, and Amir, J Nerv Ment Dis 189:162-167, 2001; Ledgerwood and Petry, J Trauma Stress 19:411-416, 2006). The present study assessed relations between PTSD symptom clusters and impulsivity subscales in an effort to assess the specific impulsivity component most related to PTSD's alterations in arousal/reactivity and alterations in mood/cognitions symptoms. In the current study, the PTSD Checklist for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition, and the UPPS Impulsivity Scale were administered to a sample of 412 nonclinical subjects with a trauma history. Results indicated that PTSD's alterations in arousal/reactivity and mood/cognition factors were most related to impulsivity's sensation-seeking tendency compared with other impulsivity components. Results highlight the importance of assessing and addressing (1) sensation-seeking tendencies and (2) urges to act impulsively when experiencing negative affect in trauma treatment. Furthermore, it is possible that sensation-seeking tendencies are primarily driving the comorbidity between PTSD and certain impulsive behaviors.

KW - PTSD

KW - impulsivity

KW - sensation seeking tendencies

KW - alteration in arousal/reactivity

KW - negative alteration in mood and cognitions

U2 - 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000417

DO - 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000417

M3 - Article

VL - 204

SP - 20

EP - 25

JO - Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease

T2 - Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease

JF - Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease

SN - 0022-3018

IS - 1

ER -