Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) mixed green–clay and aloe vera based polymeric membrane optimization: Peel-off mask formulation for skin care cosmeceuticals in green nanotechnology

Nidhi Asthana, Kaushik Pal, Kamlesh Pandey, Alaa Aa Aljabali, Murtaza. M. Tambuwala, Fernando Gomes De Souza

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49 Citations (Scopus)
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An emerging herbal product ‘Aloe vera’ is most widely utilized for skin treatments due to its gel-components of the plant are known to heal the skin from a variety of minor ailments. In depth experimental attempts with Aloe vera (AV), MMT (Clay) and PVA (Poloy vinyle alcohol) blend gel were prepared using the solution cast method. AV is very versatile plant, and its benefits are well known. MMT have gained popularity for internal and external detoxification. PVA is biodegradable material which is generally defined as the polymer which decomposes in the environment friendly atmosphere. The applicability of the evaluated formulations was influenced by the polyvinyl alcohol content due to their ability to alter the formulation viscosity. Their properties, relating mechanism and corresponding applications were deeply investigated. Significant formulation provided exclusive levels of applicability as well as thin-film forming performance, the minimum bare time possible and admirable homogeneity of the green-clay particles and aloe vera on or before dehydrating. Hence, the fundamental stability investigation which may optimize formulation is stable under minimal storage conditions. Furthermore, microbiological stability evaluation indicated that the preservative was efficient in term of avoiding microbial growth dynamics. Profitable statistical tools for the conviction of the nature of various compounds and their concentrations for the responses investigated, allowing the observation of the optimum situations further improvement of green clay and aloe vera peel-off skin masks.
Original languageEnglish
Article number129592
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Molecular Structure
Early online date4 Nov 2020
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 5 Apr 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The author, Dr. Nidhi Asthana is grateful to Department of Science and Technology, Government of India for awarding the WoS-A Project (SR/WOS-A/CS-114/2016). Dr. Kaushik Pal is grateful to his associate colleagues and Doctoral/Postdoctoral research scholars? consistent involvement at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Especially, Dr. Pal, owing to his sincere thanks to all scientific operators and members are gratefully acknowledged for providing excellence of the research foundation.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020

Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Aloe vera
  • MMT
  • PVA
  • Polymeric membrane
  • Skin mask formulation


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