Polymer/carbon pin through thickness reinforcement

E Archer, AT McIlhagger, William Moses, Thomas Dooher

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This work discusses the development and refinement of a polymer/fibre through thickness reinforcement method. Similar in initial concept to the traditional metalworking process of riveting this allows the manufacture of through thickness reinforced 2-D preforms. Pins are placed with deliberate excess length using a veterinary needle to part in-plane fibres. A lay-up with an array of pins is then subjected to a hot-press process flattening the pin ends resulting in a consolidated preform. This preform exhibits useful characteristics such as the ability to be cut and reformed to a new topology, with the through thickness reinforcement also conforming to the new shape. Refinements to the process introduce a multi-stage press process aimed at improving pin orientation with both original and refined processes evaluated using ASTM D5528 to determine the effect on interlaminar fracture toughness.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPlastics, Rubber and Composites
Publication statusPublished - 8 Aug 2022


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