Policy determinants of physical activity across the life course: a ‘DEDIPAC’ umbrella systematic literature review

Anna Puggina, Katina Aleksovska, Christoph Buck, Con Burns, Greet Cardon, Angela Carlin, Simon Chantal, Donatella Ciarapica, Giancarlo Condello, Tara Coppinger, Cristina Cortis, Sara D’Haese, Marieke De Craemer, Andrea Di Blasio, Sylvia Hansen, Licia Iacoviello, Johann Issartel, Pascal Izzicupo, Lina Jaeschke, Martina Kanning

Research output: Other contribution

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Despite the large number of studies and reviews available, the evidence regarding the policy determinants of physical activity (PA) is inconclusive. This umbrella systematic literature review (SLR) summarizes the current evidence on the policy determinants of PA across the life course, by pooling the results of the available SLRs and meta-analyses (MAs). Methods: A systematic online search was conducted on MEDLINE, ISI Web ofScience, Scopus and SPORTDiscus databases up to April 2016. SLRs and MAs of observational studies investigating the association between policy determinants of PA and having PA as outcome were considered eligible. The extracted data were assessed based on the importance of the determinants, the strength of evidence and themethodological quality. Results: Fourteen reviews on 27 policy determinants of PA were eligible for this umbrella SLR. The majority of the reviews were of moderate quality. Among children, a clear association between time spent outdoors and PA emerged. Among adults, working hours were negatively associated with PA, though evidence was limited. At the population level, community- and street-scale urban design and land use policies were found to positively support PA levels, but levels of evidences were low. Conclusions: With this umbrella SLR the policy determinants of PA at individual-level and population-level have been summarized and assessed. None of the investigated policy determinants had a convincing level of evidence, and very few had a probable level ofevidence. Further research is needed, preferably by using prospective study designs, standardized definitions of PA and objective measurement of PA.
LanguageEnglish
Volume28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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Exercise
Meta-Analysis
MEDLINE
Population
Observational Studies
Databases
Prospective Studies
Research

Keywords

  • policy determinants
  • physical activities
  • life course
  • DEDIPAC
  • umbrella systematic literature review

Cite this

Puggina, Anna ; Aleksovska, Katina ; Buck, Christoph ; Burns, Con ; Cardon, Greet ; Carlin, Angela ; Chantal, Simon ; Ciarapica, Donatella ; Condello, Giancarlo ; Coppinger, Tara ; Cortis, Cristina ; D’Haese, Sara ; De Craemer, Marieke ; Di Blasio, Andrea ; Hansen, Sylvia ; Iacoviello, Licia ; Issartel, Johann ; Izzicupo, Pascal ; Jaeschke, Lina ; Kanning, Martina. / Policy determinants of physical activity across the life course: a ‘DEDIPAC’ umbrella systematic literature review. 2017.
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title = "Policy determinants of physical activity across the life course: a ‘DEDIPAC’ umbrella systematic literature review",
abstract = "Despite the large number of studies and reviews available, the evidence regarding the policy determinants of physical activity (PA) is inconclusive. This umbrella systematic literature review (SLR) summarizes the current evidence on the policy determinants of PA across the life course, by pooling the results of the available SLRs and meta-analyses (MAs). Methods: A systematic online search was conducted on MEDLINE, ISI Web ofScience, Scopus and SPORTDiscus databases up to April 2016. SLRs and MAs of observational studies investigating the association between policy determinants of PA and having PA as outcome were considered eligible. The extracted data were assessed based on the importance of the determinants, the strength of evidence and themethodological quality. Results: Fourteen reviews on 27 policy determinants of PA were eligible for this umbrella SLR. The majority of the reviews were of moderate quality. Among children, a clear association between time spent outdoors and PA emerged. Among adults, working hours were negatively associated with PA, though evidence was limited. At the population level, community- and street-scale urban design and land use policies were found to positively support PA levels, but levels of evidences were low. Conclusions: With this umbrella SLR the policy determinants of PA at individual-level and population-level have been summarized and assessed. None of the investigated policy determinants had a convincing level of evidence, and very few had a probable level ofevidence. Further research is needed, preferably by using prospective study designs, standardized definitions of PA and objective measurement of PA.",
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author = "Anna Puggina and Katina Aleksovska and Christoph Buck and Con Burns and Greet Cardon and Angela Carlin and Simon Chantal and Donatella Ciarapica and Giancarlo Condello and Tara Coppinger and Cristina Cortis and Sara D’Haese and {De Craemer}, Marieke and {Di Blasio}, Andrea and Sylvia Hansen and Licia Iacoviello and Johann Issartel and Pascal Izzicupo and Lina Jaeschke and Martina Kanning",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1093/eurpub/ckx174",
language = "English",
volume = "28",
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Puggina, A, Aleksovska, K, Buck, C, Burns, C, Cardon, G, Carlin, A, Chantal, S, Ciarapica, D, Condello, G, Coppinger, T, Cortis, C, D’Haese, S, De Craemer, M, Di Blasio, A, Hansen, S, Iacoviello, L, Issartel, J, Izzicupo, P, Jaeschke, L & Kanning, M 2017, Policy determinants of physical activity across the life course: a ‘DEDIPAC’ umbrella systematic literature review.. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckx174

Policy determinants of physical activity across the life course: a ‘DEDIPAC’ umbrella systematic literature review. / Puggina, Anna; Aleksovska, Katina; Buck, Christoph; Burns, Con; Cardon, Greet; Carlin, Angela; Chantal, Simon; Ciarapica, Donatella; Condello, Giancarlo; Coppinger, Tara; Cortis, Cristina; D’Haese, Sara; De Craemer, Marieke; Di Blasio, Andrea; Hansen, Sylvia; Iacoviello, Licia; Issartel, Johann; Izzicupo, Pascal; Jaeschke, Lina; Kanning, Martina.

2017, .

Research output: Other contribution

TY - GEN

T1 - Policy determinants of physical activity across the life course: a ‘DEDIPAC’ umbrella systematic literature review

AU - Puggina, Anna

AU - Aleksovska, Katina

AU - Buck, Christoph

AU - Burns, Con

AU - Cardon, Greet

AU - Carlin, Angela

AU - Chantal, Simon

AU - Ciarapica, Donatella

AU - Condello, Giancarlo

AU - Coppinger, Tara

AU - Cortis, Cristina

AU - D’Haese, Sara

AU - De Craemer, Marieke

AU - Di Blasio, Andrea

AU - Hansen, Sylvia

AU - Iacoviello, Licia

AU - Issartel, Johann

AU - Izzicupo, Pascal

AU - Jaeschke, Lina

AU - Kanning, Martina

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Despite the large number of studies and reviews available, the evidence regarding the policy determinants of physical activity (PA) is inconclusive. This umbrella systematic literature review (SLR) summarizes the current evidence on the policy determinants of PA across the life course, by pooling the results of the available SLRs and meta-analyses (MAs). Methods: A systematic online search was conducted on MEDLINE, ISI Web ofScience, Scopus and SPORTDiscus databases up to April 2016. SLRs and MAs of observational studies investigating the association between policy determinants of PA and having PA as outcome were considered eligible. The extracted data were assessed based on the importance of the determinants, the strength of evidence and themethodological quality. Results: Fourteen reviews on 27 policy determinants of PA were eligible for this umbrella SLR. The majority of the reviews were of moderate quality. Among children, a clear association between time spent outdoors and PA emerged. Among adults, working hours were negatively associated with PA, though evidence was limited. At the population level, community- and street-scale urban design and land use policies were found to positively support PA levels, but levels of evidences were low. Conclusions: With this umbrella SLR the policy determinants of PA at individual-level and population-level have been summarized and assessed. None of the investigated policy determinants had a convincing level of evidence, and very few had a probable level ofevidence. Further research is needed, preferably by using prospective study designs, standardized definitions of PA and objective measurement of PA.

AB - Despite the large number of studies and reviews available, the evidence regarding the policy determinants of physical activity (PA) is inconclusive. This umbrella systematic literature review (SLR) summarizes the current evidence on the policy determinants of PA across the life course, by pooling the results of the available SLRs and meta-analyses (MAs). Methods: A systematic online search was conducted on MEDLINE, ISI Web ofScience, Scopus and SPORTDiscus databases up to April 2016. SLRs and MAs of observational studies investigating the association between policy determinants of PA and having PA as outcome were considered eligible. The extracted data were assessed based on the importance of the determinants, the strength of evidence and themethodological quality. Results: Fourteen reviews on 27 policy determinants of PA were eligible for this umbrella SLR. The majority of the reviews were of moderate quality. Among children, a clear association between time spent outdoors and PA emerged. Among adults, working hours were negatively associated with PA, though evidence was limited. At the population level, community- and street-scale urban design and land use policies were found to positively support PA levels, but levels of evidences were low. Conclusions: With this umbrella SLR the policy determinants of PA at individual-level and population-level have been summarized and assessed. None of the investigated policy determinants had a convincing level of evidence, and very few had a probable level ofevidence. Further research is needed, preferably by using prospective study designs, standardized definitions of PA and objective measurement of PA.

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KW - physical activities

KW - life course

KW - DEDIPAC

KW - umbrella systematic literature review

U2 - 10.1093/eurpub/ckx174

DO - 10.1093/eurpub/ckx174

M3 - Other contribution

VL - 28

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