Polarity Based Model for Guiding Medical School Strategy During Crisis-A Cross Sectional Qualitative Study

Samar A Ahmed, Archana P Kumar, Nourhan F Wasfy, Nagwa N Hegazy, Enjy Abouzeid, Mohammed A Hassanien, Mohamed H Shehata, W Cliff Kaywser III, Randa M Mostafa, Yawar H Khan, Hossam Hamdy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Background: Crises in academia can best be dealt with as a polarity that needs to be leveraged rather than a problem that needs to be solved. This work aimed at utilizing the Polarity Approach for Continuity and Transformation (PACT)™ to establish a guide for medical schools during times of crisis to minimize the effect of crisis-driven decisions on strategic growth.
Subjects and Methods: A qualitative study following the 5-Steps of the PACT process was conducted. A virtual mapping session was held with 108 medical educators from 22 countries to determine the upsides and downsides of strategic orientation and crisis management subsequently.
Results: Four polarity maps were generated identifying four tension areas; University reputation, mission, teams, and individuals followed by a 72-item assessment and another mapping session to map the warning signs and action steps. A comparison between private school scores and the whole cohort of respondents showed that private schools had the least problems in team-oriented work.
Conclusion: This study highlighted the importance of taking measures to communicate the mission and supporting team functions inside universities either by enhancing resources or utilizing time and effort-saving strategies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-25
Number of pages15
JournalAdvances in Medical Education and Practice
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 11 Jan 2022


  • polarity
  • strategy
  • planning
  • crisis
  • medical
  • education


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