Plug materials for thermoforming: The effects of non-isothermal plug contact

Peter J. Martin, Hui Leng Choo, Chin Yong Cheong, Eileen Harkin-Jones

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The plug-assisted thermoforming process is the largest and most important industrial thermoforming process. The main aim of this study was to investigate the interaction between the properties of the plug and the polymer sheet in thermoforming. Non-isothermal plug only thermoforming tests were carried out using identical plug designs for various combinations of plug and sheet materials. It was hoped that this study would help to improve the understanding of friction and heat transfer effects during the thermoforming process. The plug materials used included: Hytac-BlX (thermoplastic syntactic foam), Hytac-WFT (epoxy syntactic foam with added Teflon), Blue Nylon, and POM (polyoxymethylene). The sheet materials included aPET and polystyrene (HIPS). It was found that the magnitude of slip during plug contact was much higher with aPET than with HIPS and that this reduced as the temperature of the plug was increased. Different plug materials produced significantly different wall thickness distributions in the preforms. It was concluded that friction was the dominant effect during contact.

LanguageEnglish
Title of host publication67th Annual Technical Conference of the Society of Plastics Engineers 2009, ANTEC 2009
Pages812-816
Number of pages5
Volume2
Publication statusPublished - 25 Nov 2009
Event67th Annual Technical Conference of the Society of Plastics Engineers 2009, ANTEC 2009 - Chicago, IL, United States
Duration: 22 Jun 200924 Jun 2009

Conference

Conference67th Annual Technical Conference of the Society of Plastics Engineers 2009, ANTEC 2009
CountryUnited States
CityChicago, IL
Period22/06/0924/06/09

Fingerprint

Thermoforming
Syntactics
Foams
Friction
Polystyrenes
Nylons
Polytetrafluoroethylene
Polytetrafluoroethylenes
Thermoplastics
Polymers
Heat transfer

Keywords

  • Friction
  • Heat transfer
  • Plug
  • Thermoforming

Cite this

Martin, P. J., Choo, H. L., Cheong, C. Y., & Harkin-Jones, E. (2009). Plug materials for thermoforming: The effects of non-isothermal plug contact. In 67th Annual Technical Conference of the Society of Plastics Engineers 2009, ANTEC 2009 (Vol. 2, pp. 812-816)
Martin, Peter J. ; Choo, Hui Leng ; Cheong, Chin Yong ; Harkin-Jones, Eileen. / Plug materials for thermoforming : The effects of non-isothermal plug contact. 67th Annual Technical Conference of the Society of Plastics Engineers 2009, ANTEC 2009. Vol. 2 2009. pp. 812-816
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abstract = "The plug-assisted thermoforming process is the largest and most important industrial thermoforming process. The main aim of this study was to investigate the interaction between the properties of the plug and the polymer sheet in thermoforming. Non-isothermal plug only thermoforming tests were carried out using identical plug designs for various combinations of plug and sheet materials. It was hoped that this study would help to improve the understanding of friction and heat transfer effects during the thermoforming process. The plug materials used included: Hytac-BlX (thermoplastic syntactic foam), Hytac-WFT (epoxy syntactic foam with added Teflon), Blue Nylon, and POM (polyoxymethylene). The sheet materials included aPET and polystyrene (HIPS). It was found that the magnitude of slip during plug contact was much higher with aPET than with HIPS and that this reduced as the temperature of the plug was increased. Different plug materials produced significantly different wall thickness distributions in the preforms. It was concluded that friction was the dominant effect during contact.",
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Martin, PJ, Choo, HL, Cheong, CY & Harkin-Jones, E 2009, Plug materials for thermoforming: The effects of non-isothermal plug contact. in 67th Annual Technical Conference of the Society of Plastics Engineers 2009, ANTEC 2009. vol. 2, pp. 812-816, 67th Annual Technical Conference of the Society of Plastics Engineers 2009, ANTEC 2009, Chicago, IL, United States, 22/06/09.

Plug materials for thermoforming : The effects of non-isothermal plug contact. / Martin, Peter J.; Choo, Hui Leng; Cheong, Chin Yong; Harkin-Jones, Eileen.

67th Annual Technical Conference of the Society of Plastics Engineers 2009, ANTEC 2009. Vol. 2 2009. p. 812-816.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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N2 - The plug-assisted thermoforming process is the largest and most important industrial thermoforming process. The main aim of this study was to investigate the interaction between the properties of the plug and the polymer sheet in thermoforming. Non-isothermal plug only thermoforming tests were carried out using identical plug designs for various combinations of plug and sheet materials. It was hoped that this study would help to improve the understanding of friction and heat transfer effects during the thermoforming process. The plug materials used included: Hytac-BlX (thermoplastic syntactic foam), Hytac-WFT (epoxy syntactic foam with added Teflon), Blue Nylon, and POM (polyoxymethylene). The sheet materials included aPET and polystyrene (HIPS). It was found that the magnitude of slip during plug contact was much higher with aPET than with HIPS and that this reduced as the temperature of the plug was increased. Different plug materials produced significantly different wall thickness distributions in the preforms. It was concluded that friction was the dominant effect during contact.

AB - The plug-assisted thermoforming process is the largest and most important industrial thermoforming process. The main aim of this study was to investigate the interaction between the properties of the plug and the polymer sheet in thermoforming. Non-isothermal plug only thermoforming tests were carried out using identical plug designs for various combinations of plug and sheet materials. It was hoped that this study would help to improve the understanding of friction and heat transfer effects during the thermoforming process. The plug materials used included: Hytac-BlX (thermoplastic syntactic foam), Hytac-WFT (epoxy syntactic foam with added Teflon), Blue Nylon, and POM (polyoxymethylene). The sheet materials included aPET and polystyrene (HIPS). It was found that the magnitude of slip during plug contact was much higher with aPET than with HIPS and that this reduced as the temperature of the plug was increased. Different plug materials produced significantly different wall thickness distributions in the preforms. It was concluded that friction was the dominant effect during contact.

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Martin PJ, Choo HL, Cheong CY, Harkin-Jones E. Plug materials for thermoforming: The effects of non-isothermal plug contact. In 67th Annual Technical Conference of the Society of Plastics Engineers 2009, ANTEC 2009. Vol. 2. 2009. p. 812-816