Plasma treated polyethylene terephthalate for increased embediment of UV-responsive microcapsules

Marija Gorjanc, Miran Mozetič, Gregor Primc, Alenka Vesel, Kosta Spasić, Nevena Puač, Zoran Petrović, Mateja Kert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) fabric was treated in a late afterglow of plasma created by a microwave (MW) discharge in the surfatron mode, by using oxygen (O2) and ammonia (NH3) gases. The series of treatments using one gas or the combination of both at different treatment times were performed in order to increase the embediment of UV-responsive microcapsules that were deposited onto PET with pad-drycure process. Plasma in both gases was characterized by optical emission spectroscopy (OES), which showed substantial dissociation of O2 and NH3 molecules as well as formation of NHx radicals due to the
partial dissociation of ammonia molecules. The chemically active species in the plasma afterglow changed the surface properties of PET that were analysed using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), time of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF–SIMS), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR),
scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and water absorption analysis. The effectiveness of plasma treatment on embediment of UV-responsive microcapsules on PET was evaluated by UV-responsiveness, colour strength and colour depth using reflectance spectroscopy, add-on and air permeability, respectively. Treating PET by O2 afterglow followed by a longer treatment by NH3 afterglow increased the polymers hydrophilicity and concentration of nitrogen-rich functional groups on surface that enabled higher uptake of UV-responsive microcapsules, and consequently better responsiveness of fabric to UV radiation. The add-on of microcapsules was almost 8-times higher and the colour depth increased up to 75% for plasma treated samples.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)224–234
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Surface Science
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 24 Apr 2017


  • UV-responsive
  • Polyethylene terephthalate
  • Textile
  • UV sensor
  • Photochromic microcapsules
  • Plasma afterglow


Dive into the research topics of 'Plasma treated polyethylene terephthalate for increased embediment of UV-responsive microcapsules'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this