Planning decision-making: independence, subsidiarity, impartiality and the state

Adam Sheppard, Heather Ritchie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This paper explores recent changes that involve the Planning Inspectorate in England, considering aspart of this the relevance and value of independence and impartiality in effective decision-making,together with a consideration of the significance of these changes in the context of localism and thesubsidiarity narrative. To inform this debate, this paper focuses upon the value of having an independentbody for planning decisions through a comparison with the Planning Appeals Commission (PAC) inNorthern Ireland. The paper points towards the potential need for change in the structural approachand arrangements of the system in England, drawing particularly upon the PAC as a potential modelfor consideration.Keywords: appeals, independence, impartiality, subsidiarity, integrity, localism, courts, perceptions
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53-70
JournalTown Planning Review
Issue number87
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 1 Apr 2016


  • appeals
  • independence
  • impartiality
  • subsidiarity
  • integrity
  • localism
  • courts
  • perceptions


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