Pioneering Astaxanthin-Tumor Cell Membrane Nanoparticles for Innovative Targeted Drug Delivery on Melanoma

Jui-Jen Chang, Yi-Chen Wang, Shu-Hui Yang, Ju-Yu Wu, Ming-Wei Chang, Hui-Min David Wang

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Abstract

BackgroundRecently, the use of the tumor or its secretions as drug carriers has gradually become popular, with the advantages of high biocompatibility and enhanced drug delivery to specific cells. Melanoma is the most malignant tumor of all skin cancers; it is the most metastatic and, therefore, the most difficult to treat. The main purpose of this study is to develop nanovesicles with tumor cell membrane secretion properties to encapsulate target substances to enhance the therapeutic effect of cancer.MethodsAstaxanthin was selected as an anticancer drug due to our previous research finding that astaxanthin has extremely high antioxidant, anti-ultraviolet damage, and anti-tumor properties. The manufacturing method of the astaxanthin nanovesicle carrier is to mix melanoma cells and astaxanthin in an appropriate ratio and then remove the genetic material and inflammatory factors of cancer cells by extrusion.ResultsIn terms of results, after the co-culture of astaxanthin nanovesicles and melanoma cancer cells, it was confirmed that the ability of astaxanthin nanovesicles to inhibit the growth and metastasis of melanoma cancer cells was significantly better than the same amount of astaxanthin alone, and it had no effect on normal Human cells are also effective. There was no apparent harm on normal cells, indicating the ability of the vesicles to be selectively transported.ConclusionOur findings illustrated the potential of astaxanthin nanovesicles as an anticancer drug.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2395-2407
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Nanomedicine
Volume19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 7 Mar 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 Chang et al.

Keywords

  • Melanoma
  • Nanoparticle
  • astaxanthin
  • Cell Membrane
  • Humans
  • Xanthophylls
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Nanoparticles
  • melanoma
  • nanoparticle

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