Physical activity, well-being and needs satisfaction in eight and nine-year-old children from areas of socio-economic disadvantage

Gavin Breslin, Stephen Shannon, Ben Fitzpatrick, Donncha Hanna, Sarahjane Belton, Deirdre Brennan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Need-supportive environments have been shown to predict children’s physical activity levels, and in a few cases to well-being. Grounded in self-determination theory (SDT), this cross-sectional study aimed to determine the influence of psychological need (competence and social relatedness) satisfaction on physical activity levels and well-being in children from areas of social and economic disadvantage. A total of 211 children aged eight and nine years from areas of low socio-economic status wore an accelerometer for one week, and completed a questionnaire assessing psychological need satisfaction and well-being. Confirmatory factor analysis and path analysis were conducted to assess the factor structure of the measures, and to test for theoretical relationships between psychological needs, physical activity and well-being. The factor structure of the instruments was supported, and a significant positive relationship was found between athletic competence and physical activity (β = 0.19). Athletic competence (β = 0.19), along with parental relatedness (β = 0.32), positively predicted children’s well-being. Physical activity alone did not predict well-being. Based on these findings, practitioners may consider components of SDT, reflective of need-supportive environments, when designing physical activity interventions. Interventions aimed at supporting children’s perceptions of competence, and the involvement of parents, may offer the opportunity to increase well-being.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)275-291
Number of pages17
JournalChild Care in Practice
Volume23
Issue number3
Early online date3 Apr 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Jul 2017

Keywords

  • Physical Activity
  • well-being

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