Phase shift keyed systems based on a gain switched laser transmitter

Prince M. Anandarajah, Kai Shi, John O'Carroll, Aleksandra Kaszubowska, Richard Phelan, Liam P. Barry, Andrew D. Ellis, Philip Perry, Douglas Reid, Brian Kelly, James O'Gorman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


Return-to-Zero (RZ) and Non-Return-to-Zero (NRZ) Differential Phase Shift Keyed (DPSK) systems require cheap and optimal transmitters for widespread implementation. The authors report on a gain switched Discrete Mode (DM) laser that can be employed as a cost efficient transmitter in a 10.7 Gb/s RZ DPSK system and compare its performance to that of a gain switched Distributed Feed-Back (DFB) laser. Experimental results show that the gain switched DM laser readily provides error free performance and a receiver sensitivity of -33.1 dBm in the 10.7 Gbit/s RZ DPSK system. The standard DFB laser on the other hand displays an error floor at 10-1 in the same RZ DPSK system. The difference in performance, between the two types of gain switched transmitters, is analysed by investigating their linewidths. We also demonstrate, for the first time, the generation of a highly coherent gain switched pulse train which displays a spectral comb of approximately 13 sidebands spaced by the 10.7 GHz modulation frequency. The filtered side-bands are then employed as narrow linewidth Continuous Wave (CW) sources in a 10.7 Gb/s NRZ DPSK system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12668-12677
Number of pages10
JournalOptics Express
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 20 Jul 2009


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