Performance assessment of dry electrodes for wearable long term cardiac rhythm monitoring: skin-electrode impedance spectroscopy

Antonio Bosnjak, Alan Kennedy, Pedro Linares, Maira Borges de Linares, JAD McLaughlin, OJ Escalona

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The use of wearable dry sensors for recording long term ECG signals is a requirement for certain studies of heart rhythm. Knowledge of the skin-electrode electrical performance of dry electrodes is necessary when seeking to improve various processing stages for signal quality enhancement. In this paper, methods for the assessment of dry skin-electrode impedance (Zse) and its modelling are presented.Measurements were carried out on selected electrode materials such as silver, stainless steel, AgCl (dry) and polyurethane. These had ZSE values between 500 kΩ and 1 MΩ within the main ECG frequency range (1 Hz – 100 Hz); in contrast to plain iron material which had a significantly higher impedance. However, in spite of the high Zse values, open bandwidth ECG traces were of acceptable quality and stability; with dry AgCl material offering the best ECG trace performance.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationUnknown Host Publication
Pages1861-1864
Number of pages4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Sep 2017
Event39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society - Jeju Island, South Korea
Duration: 14 Sep 2017 → …

Conference

Conference39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Period14/09/17 → …

Fingerprint

Electrocardiography
Skin
Spectroscopy
Electrodes
Monitoring
Polyurethanes
Silver
Stainless steel
Iron
Bandwidth
Sensors
Processing

Keywords

  • Dry ECG electrodes
  • electrode-skin impedance
  • electrode impedance spectroscopy
  • arm-wrist wearables
  • long-term heart rhythm
  • ambulatory ECG monitoring
  • WASTCArD project
  • MSCA-RISE Programme
  • skin impedance modelling
  • gelled ECG electrodes.

Cite this

Bosnjak, Antonio ; Kennedy, Alan ; Linares, Pedro ; Borges de Linares, Maira ; McLaughlin, JAD ; Escalona, OJ. / Performance assessment of dry electrodes for wearable long term cardiac rhythm monitoring: skin-electrode impedance spectroscopy. Unknown Host Publication. 2017. pp. 1861-1864
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title = "Performance assessment of dry electrodes for wearable long term cardiac rhythm monitoring: skin-electrode impedance spectroscopy",
abstract = "The use of wearable dry sensors for recording long term ECG signals is a requirement for certain studies of heart rhythm. Knowledge of the skin-electrode electrical performance of dry electrodes is necessary when seeking to improve various processing stages for signal quality enhancement. In this paper, methods for the assessment of dry skin-electrode impedance (Zse) and its modelling are presented.Measurements were carried out on selected electrode materials such as silver, stainless steel, AgCl (dry) and polyurethane. These had ZSE values between 500 kΩ and 1 MΩ within the main ECG frequency range (1 Hz – 100 Hz); in contrast to plain iron material which had a significantly higher impedance. However, in spite of the high Zse values, open bandwidth ECG traces were of acceptable quality and stability; with dry AgCl material offering the best ECG trace performance.",
keywords = "Dry ECG electrodes, electrode-skin impedance, electrode impedance spectroscopy, arm-wrist wearables, long-term heart rhythm, ambulatory ECG monitoring, WASTCArD project, MSCA-RISE Programme, skin impedance modelling, gelled ECG electrodes.",
author = "Antonio Bosnjak and Alan Kennedy and Pedro Linares and {Borges de Linares}, Maira and JAD McLaughlin and OJ Escalona",
year = "2017",
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Bosnjak, A, Kennedy, A, Linares, P, Borges de Linares, M, McLaughlin, JAD & Escalona, OJ 2017, Performance assessment of dry electrodes for wearable long term cardiac rhythm monitoring: skin-electrode impedance spectroscopy. in Unknown Host Publication. pp. 1861-1864, 39th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, 14/09/17. https://doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2017.8037209

Performance assessment of dry electrodes for wearable long term cardiac rhythm monitoring: skin-electrode impedance spectroscopy. / Bosnjak, Antonio; Kennedy, Alan; Linares, Pedro; Borges de Linares, Maira; McLaughlin, JAD; Escalona, OJ.

Unknown Host Publication. 2017. p. 1861-1864.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AU - Escalona, OJ

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