Performance analysis of solar assisted heat pump coupled with build-in PCM heat storage based on PV/T panel

Jian Yao, Hui Xu, Yanjun Dai, M Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

80 Citations (Scopus)
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PV/T (photovoltaic/thermal) technology is a combination of PV module (photovoltaic utilization) and collector (photothermal utilization), which can improve the comprehensive utilization efficiency of solar energy and has a broad application prospect. In this paper, PV/T module is coupled with heat pump evaporator to form a direct-expansion solar PV/T heat pump which is suitable for heat application in high latitude area. To achieve stable residential heating, a solar PV/T heat pump system coupled with build-in PCM (phase change material) heat storage is therefore proposed and simulated. Meanwhile, the mathematical model of solar PV/T heat pump coupled with build-in PCM heat storage system is established and verified. The simulation results show that the temperature of underfloor heating which using build-in PCM heat storage can reach 22–31 °C after 39 h when the circulating water is 40 °C. Moreover, the heating COP (Coefficient of Performance) increases with the increase of solar radiation, ambient temperature and area of PV/T collector, and decrease of wind speed, respectively. A 20 m2 PV/T panel module can output 21.4% of the electricity to power grid when the solar radiation intensity is 600 W/m2 and meet the heat demand of a 100 m2 room while maintain the operation of the system. Meanwhile, the heating COP can reach 5.79 which is 70% higher than the conventional air conditioning system and the electrical, thermal, overall efficiencies are 17.77%, 55.76% and 75.49%, respectively.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)279-291
Number of pages13
JournalSolar Energy
Early online date11 Jan 2020
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 1 Feb 2020


  • Build-in PCM heat storage
  • Heat pump
  • Heating/power generation
  • PV/T
  • Residential heating
  • Solar energy


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