Perceiving the orientation-in-depth of triangular surfaces: Static-monocular, moving-monocular, and static-binocular viewing

Anthony Reinhardt-Rutland

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    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Although data from simulations suggest that motion information and binocular information each elicit veridical depth perception, data from real stimuli, such as trapezoidal surfaces, are equivocal; the discrepancy might be explained by the complexity of nonveridical pictorial information in the latter. In the present study, observers judged the orientations-in-depth of triangular surfaces about a vertical axis: Pictorial information resided only in the visual lengths of surfaces, so it was predicted that motion and binocularity would be fully effective. Viewing conditions were static-monocular (SM), moving-monocular (MM), and static-binocular (SE). SM judgments were largely frontal, reflecting the equidistance tendency that applies in impoverished conditions. SE judgments were broadly veridical, as predicted. However, MM judgments were only partly influenced by motion information; the equidistance tendency and visual length also contributed-the latter in contrast to SM. It is concluded that motion information is only weakly effective, no matter what the complexity of pictorial information. Instead, motion may be valuable in enhancing pictorial information.
    LanguageEnglish
    Pages19-28
    JournalJournal of General Psychology
    Volume123
    Issue number1
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 1996

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    title = "Perceiving the orientation-in-depth of triangular surfaces: Static-monocular, moving-monocular, and static-binocular viewing",
    abstract = "Although data from simulations suggest that motion information and binocular information each elicit veridical depth perception, data from real stimuli, such as trapezoidal surfaces, are equivocal; the discrepancy might be explained by the complexity of nonveridical pictorial information in the latter. In the present study, observers judged the orientations-in-depth of triangular surfaces about a vertical axis: Pictorial information resided only in the visual lengths of surfaces, so it was predicted that motion and binocularity would be fully effective. Viewing conditions were static-monocular (SM), moving-monocular (MM), and static-binocular (SE). SM judgments were largely frontal, reflecting the equidistance tendency that applies in impoverished conditions. SE judgments were broadly veridical, as predicted. However, MM judgments were only partly influenced by motion information; the equidistance tendency and visual length also contributed-the latter in contrast to SM. It is concluded that motion information is only weakly effective, no matter what the complexity of pictorial information. Instead, motion may be valuable in enhancing pictorial information.",
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    Perceiving the orientation-in-depth of triangular surfaces: Static-monocular, moving-monocular, and static-binocular viewing. / Reinhardt-Rutland, Anthony.

    In: Journal of General Psychology, Vol. 123, No. 1, 01.1996, p. 19-28.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Perceiving the orientation-in-depth of triangular surfaces: Static-monocular, moving-monocular, and static-binocular viewing

    AU - Reinhardt-Rutland, Anthony

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    N2 - Although data from simulations suggest that motion information and binocular information each elicit veridical depth perception, data from real stimuli, such as trapezoidal surfaces, are equivocal; the discrepancy might be explained by the complexity of nonveridical pictorial information in the latter. In the present study, observers judged the orientations-in-depth of triangular surfaces about a vertical axis: Pictorial information resided only in the visual lengths of surfaces, so it was predicted that motion and binocularity would be fully effective. Viewing conditions were static-monocular (SM), moving-monocular (MM), and static-binocular (SE). SM judgments were largely frontal, reflecting the equidistance tendency that applies in impoverished conditions. SE judgments were broadly veridical, as predicted. However, MM judgments were only partly influenced by motion information; the equidistance tendency and visual length also contributed-the latter in contrast to SM. It is concluded that motion information is only weakly effective, no matter what the complexity of pictorial information. Instead, motion may be valuable in enhancing pictorial information.

    AB - Although data from simulations suggest that motion information and binocular information each elicit veridical depth perception, data from real stimuli, such as trapezoidal surfaces, are equivocal; the discrepancy might be explained by the complexity of nonveridical pictorial information in the latter. In the present study, observers judged the orientations-in-depth of triangular surfaces about a vertical axis: Pictorial information resided only in the visual lengths of surfaces, so it was predicted that motion and binocularity would be fully effective. Viewing conditions were static-monocular (SM), moving-monocular (MM), and static-binocular (SE). SM judgments were largely frontal, reflecting the equidistance tendency that applies in impoverished conditions. SE judgments were broadly veridical, as predicted. However, MM judgments were only partly influenced by motion information; the equidistance tendency and visual length also contributed-the latter in contrast to SM. It is concluded that motion information is only weakly effective, no matter what the complexity of pictorial information. Instead, motion may be valuable in enhancing pictorial information.

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