Peptidomic analysis was used to compare the distribution of host-defense peptides in norepinephrine-stimulated skin secretions from Xenopus victorianus Ahl, 1924 (also described as the subspecies X. laevis victorianus) and Xenopus laevis sudanensis Perret, 1966 with the previously determined distributions in Xenopus laevis (Daudin, 1802) and Xenopus petersii Bocage, 1895. Peptides belonging to the magainin, peptide glycine-leucine-amide (PGLa), and caerulein precursor fragment (CPF) families were purified by reversed-phase HPLC and characterized by electrospray mass spectrometry. Magainin-P2, PGLa-P1, CPF-P1, CPF-P2, and CPF-P3 previously isolated from X. petersii and structurally different from orthologous peptides from X. laevis, were identified in X. victorianus and X. laevis sudanensis skin secretions whereas the corresponding X. laevis peptides were absent. Magainin-1, identical in X. petersii and X. laevis, was also identified in the secretions. Xenopsin-precursor fragment (XPF) peptides, absent from X. petersii but present in X. laevis skin secretions, were not identified in the X. victorianus and X. laevis sudanensis secretions. The data indicate that X. victorianus and X. laevis sudanensis are more closely related to X. petersii than to X. laevis and support separate species status. The study illustrates the value of analysis of host-defense peptides in the evaluation of taxonomic and phylogenetic relationships between closely related frog species.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part D: Genomics and Proteomics|
|Publication status||Published (in print/issue) - 2013|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by a University Research Grant and a Faculty Support Grant ( NP/13/04 ) from the United Arab Emirates University . The authors thank Ben Evans, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada for helpful discussions and Burley Lilley of Xenopus Express for help with sample collection.
- Frog skin
- Host-defense peptide