Parental Awareness of safety in the Homes of children under the age of five

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Home safety is the awareness to make your home a safe environment. The task of riskassessing and implementing safety procedures is usually the roll of the parent to ensure a home iswithout risk or hazard. The home is a complex, interactive environment that operates within a dynamicsocial setting”. In the UK accidental injury to children under 4 years of age is a main cause of uptake ofemergency health care services. Accidents are the leading cause for loss of life of children with under5’s being most at risk at home It is estimated that the cost to society of home accidents in the UK to be£45billion. This research involved the investigation of interventions aimed at improving home safety foryoung children. The research found that there remains a need to increase awareness of home safetyaimed to protect young children. Interventions (particularly home visits) and provision of freeequipment are welcomed. However demand exceeds the capacity to deliver home assessmentsleading to undue delay and children remaining exposed to unnecessary risks in their own homes. Inaddition equipment may not be used or installed due to lack of tools and/or skill.
LanguageEnglish
Pages111-118
JournalInternational Journal of Environment and Health
Volume17
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2015

Fingerprint

Safety
Home Accidents
House Calls
Research
Health Services
Accidents
Delivery of Health Care
Costs and Cost Analysis
Equipment and Supplies
Wounds and Injuries

Keywords

  • home
  • safety
  • children
  • accident

Cite this

@article{d945b36f25cb434fa3f7a48576c36c07,
title = "Parental Awareness of safety in the Homes of children under the age of five",
abstract = "Home safety is the awareness to make your home a safe environment. The task of riskassessing and implementing safety procedures is usually the roll of the parent to ensure a home iswithout risk or hazard. The home is a complex, interactive environment that operates within a dynamicsocial setting”. In the UK accidental injury to children under 4 years of age is a main cause of uptake ofemergency health care services. Accidents are the leading cause for loss of life of children with under5’s being most at risk at home It is estimated that the cost to society of home accidents in the UK to be£45billion. This research involved the investigation of interventions aimed at improving home safety foryoung children. The research found that there remains a need to increase awareness of home safetyaimed to protect young children. Interventions (particularly home visits) and provision of freeequipment are welcomed. However demand exceeds the capacity to deliver home assessmentsleading to undue delay and children remaining exposed to unnecessary risks in their own homes. Inaddition equipment may not be used or installed due to lack of tools and/or skill.",
keywords = "home, safety, children, accident",
author = "Lindsay Shaw",
note = "Reference text: Agass, M. Mant, D. Fuller, A. Et al (1990) childhood accidents: a practice survey using general practioners’ records and parental reports. British Journal of General Practice 40. 202-205. Alwash, R. Mc Carthy, M. (1988) measuring severity of injuries to children from home accidents – Archives of disease in childhood 63-pg 637. Beirens, T.M.J. Brug, J. Van Beeck, E.F. Dekker, R. den Hertog, P. Raat, H. (2007) Assessing psychosocial correlates of parental safety behaviour using Protection Motivation Theory: stair gate presence and use among parents of toddlers. Health education research. Vol.23 page 731. British blind and shutter association. Window blind safety. New laws in 2014. Accessed from http://www.nicma.org/cms/docs/NewsandEvents/BBSA{\%}20-{\%}20Blinds{\%}20and{\%}20regulation{\%}20changes.pdf accessed on 24th April 2015. Capt. (2015) Public health commissioning for under 5s. Accessed from http://www.makingthelink.net/topicbriefings/public-health-commissioning-under-5s accessed on 31st March 2015. Child accident prevention trust (Capt) (2014) New standards in blinds 2014.Accessed from: http://www.capt.org.uk/who-we-are/news/new-standards-blinds [accessed on 09/12/2014.} Child accident prevention trust (Capt)(2014). Two recent deaths underline why choking, suffocation and strangulation is a national priority. Accessed from http://www.capt.org.uk/who-we-are/news/two-recent-deathsunderline-why-choking-suffocation-and-strangulation-national-prior accessed on 10/12/12014. Colver, A.F., Hutchinson, P. J., Judson, E.C.. (1982) Promoting children’s home safety. British medical journal volume 285 pg 1177. Data collection methods (2014) Accessed from http://people.uwec.edu/piercech/researchmethods/data{\%}20 collection{\%}20methods/data{\%}20collection{\%}20methods.htm accessed on 08/12/2014. DePanfillas, D. (2006). Child neglect: a guide for prevention, Assessment and Intervention. Chapter 4. Risk and protection factors. Accessed from https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/usermanuals/neglect/chapterfour.cfm Accessed on 02/12/2014 Department of Social Development. DSD (2012) Facing the Future: Housing Strategy for Northern Ireland Action Plan 2012 – 2017 accessed from http://www.dsdni.gov.uk/facing-the-future-action-plan.pdf accessed on 15th April 2015. Dershewitz, R.A. MD, ScM. (1979) Will Mothers Use Free Household Safety Devices? Jama Pediatrics. Abstract.Vol. 133(1):61-64 Engstrom, K. Diderichson, F. Laflamme, L (2002) socio economic differences in injury risks in childhood and adolesence: a nationwide and injury prevention. Injury prevention 8:141. Gaines, J. Schwebel, D.C. (2009) Recognition of home injury by novice parents of toddlers – department of psychology accident analysis and prevention. vol; 41 Pg 1070. Garling and Garling, (1995); Gralinski and Kopp, (1993); Peterson et al., (2002) Morrongiello, B.A. Mc Arthur, B.A. Bell, M. (2014) Managing children’s risk of injury in the home: Does parental teaching about home safety reduce young children’s hazard interactions? Accident Analysis and Prevention 71 (2014) Pg. 195 Ghate, D. Hazel, N. (2003) Parenting in poor environments; stress, support and coping. Jessica Kingsley Publishers. Pg 29. Gibbs,L. Waters, E. Sherrard, J. Ozanne-Smith, J. Robinson, J. Young, S. Hutchinson, A. Understanding parental motivators and barriers to uptake of child poison safety strategies. Injury prevention. Vol.11: 373-377 P375. Glass, N. (1999) Sure Start: the development of an early intervention programme for young children in the UK. Children and society. Vol,13, Pg 258. Healthy Lives, Healthy People: our strategy for public health in England (2010) H.M.Gov. pg.10 accessed from https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/216096/dh_127424.pdf Accessed on 28th February 2015 Home accident prevention strategy. (2004-2009) accessed from, http://www.dhsspsni.gov.uk/home_accident_prevention_strategy.pdf accessed on 2nd January 2015. Home accident prevention strategy 2014-2014 (2015) accessed from http://www.dhsspsni.gov.uk/hapstrategy.pdf accessed on 10th March 2015. Jiong Li, M.D., Ph.D., Thomas Munk Laursen, M.Sc., Dorthe Hansen Precht, M.D., Ph.D., J{\o}rn Olsen, M.D., Ph.D., and Preben Bo Mortensen, M.D., Dr.Med.Sc. (2005) Hospitalization for Mental Illness among Parents after the Death of a Child. Keall, M.D. Guria, J. Howden-Chapman, P. Baker, H.G. (2010) Estimation of social costs of home injury: A comparison with estimates for road injury. Accident Analysis & Prevention Volume 43, Issue 3, May 2011, Pages 998–1002. Kendrick, D, Young B, Mason-Jones AJ, Ilyas N, Achana FA, Cooper NJ, Hubbard SJ, Sutton AJ, Smith S, Wynn P, Mulvaney C, Watson MC, Coupland C. (2013) Home safety education and provision of safety equipment for injury prevention (Review) Evidence-based child health: a cochrane review journal Vol 8:3: 761–939. Published online in Wiley Online Library. Laflamme L, Eilert-Peterson E. (1998) as cited in Gulliver, P., Dow, N., Simpson, J. (2007) The epidemiology of home injuries to children under five years in New Zealand. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health. Volume 29, Issue 1, Article first published online: [25 SEP 2007] Learning and teaching services. (2012). The university of Sheffield. Accessed from http://www.shef.ac.uk/lets/strategy/resources/evaluate/general/data-analysis/spss accessed on 08/12/2014. LeBlanc, J., Pless, I., King, W., Bawden, H., Bernard-Bonnin, A., Klassen, T. and Tenenbein, M. (2006). Home safety measures and the risk of unintentional injury among young children: a multicentre case-control study. Canadian Medical Association Journal, [online] 175(8), pp.883-887. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.050592 [Accessed 30 Sep. 2014]. Martin, R. Eichelberger, MD; Catherine S. Gotschall, MA; Herta B. Feely, MJ; Paul Harstad, JD; Leon M. Bowman (1990) Parental Attitudes and Knowledge of Child Safety; A National Survey. Am J Dis Child. Vol; 144(6):714-720. Morrongiello, B.A. Kiriakou, (2004), as cited in Morrongiello, B.A. , Corbett, M. Lasenby, J. Johnston, N. Mc Court, M. (2006) Factors influencing young children's risk of unintentional injury: Parenting style and strategies for teaching about home safety. Murdock, R. Joyce, E. (1974) Home Accidents to Children under 15 Years: Survey of 9IO Cases. British Medical Journal, vol. 3, page 103 accessed from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1611066/pdf/brmedj01986- 0045.pdf [accessed 01/12/2014]. NIFS (2015) Free Home Fire Safety Check. Accessed from http://www. fireservice.co.uk/safety/hfsc accessed on 23rd April 2015. NIHE (2011) district housing plan & local housing strategy 2011/12. Accessed from http://www.nihe.gov.uk/derry_dhp_2011.pdf accessed on 24th April 2015. Oxford dictionary definition. (2015) accessed from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/home accessed on 27/02/2015. Oxford dictionary definition. (2015) accessed from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/safety accessed on 27/02/2015. NICE ( 2010.) New NICE guidance to reduce the number of childhood injuries and deaths. Accessed from https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ph29/resources/new-nice-guidance-to-reduce-number-of-child-injuries-anddeaths [Accessed on 01/11/2014]. NISRA (2009) Hospital Admissions due to Accidents. Accessed from http://www.ninis2.nisra.gov.uk/public/pivotgrid.aspx?dataSetVars=ds-2007-lh-37-yn-2004-2009-sk--2-snInvesting{\%}20for{\%}20Health-yearfilter-- accessed on 15th February 2105. Paul, C.L. Redman, S. Evans, D. (1992). The cost of acvailability of devices for preventing childhood injuries. Journal of Pediatric; child health. Vol. 28 Pg 22. Prosad, P.S. Singh, B.R. (2010) window blinds; hanging risk. Proquest Health and Medical Complete. Vol. 83 no.2 pg 40. Public health.hscni.net, (2014). Blind cord safety in spotlight during Family Safety Week | HSC Public Health Agency. [online] Available at: http://www.publichealth.hscni.net/news/blind-cord-safety-spotlight-during-familysafety-week [Accessed 30 October. 2014] ROSPA (2013) Northern Irelands a big book of accident prevention. Pg 5. Rospa.com, (2014). Accidents to Children | Child Safety | Advice & Information | Home Safety | RoSPA. [online] Available at: http://www.rospa.com/homesafety/adviceandinformation/childsafety/accidents-tochildren.aspx#strangulation [Accessed 30 Sep. 2014]. Rospa (2014) blind cord safety campaign. Accessed from http://www.rospa.com/HomeSafety/Info/blind-cordsafety.pdf accessed on 16th February 2015. Rospa (2015) Accidents to children accessed from http://www.rospa.com/homesafety/adviceandinformation/childsafety/accidents-to-children.aspx#References accessed on 16th Feb. 2015. Rospa.com (2012 ). Home Safety Facts and Figures. Accessed from http://www.rospa.com/homesafety/adviceandinformation/general/facts-figures.aspx [Accessed on 02/12/2012]. Rospa. Com (2014) home safety. Accessed from http://www.rospa.com/homesafety/ [accessed on 01 December 2014.] Shanon, A. Bashaw, B. Bsc. Lewis, J. Bsc. Feldman, W. MD. FRCPC. (1992) nonfatal childhood injuries: a survey at the children’s hospital of Eastern Ontario. Canadian Medical Association. Pg 365. Sibert, J.R. (1991) Accidents to children: the doctor's role. Education or environmental change? Archives of Disease in Childhood 1991; 66: 890- 893 Simpson, J. McGee, F. Fougere, G. (2010). Child home safety: are we tackling a wicked problem with tame solutions? Injury prevention. BMJ ;volume, 16(Suppl 1):A1–A289 accessed from http://injuryprevention.bmj.com/content/16/Suppl_1/A199.1.full.pdf+html accessed on 03rd December 2014. Van Beelen, M., Beirens, T., den Hertog, P., van Beeck, E. and Raat, H. (2013) First-Time Parents Are Not Well Enough Prepared for the Safety of Their Infant. Westerntrust.hscni.net, (2014). Western Trust brings child safety message to Free Derry Corner. [online] Available at:Http://www.westerntrust.hscni.net/about.1875.htm [access 7th October 2014 Which (2015) Safety gate reviews; features explained. Accessed from http://www.which.co.uk/baby-and-child/child-safety-at-home/reviews/stair-gates/page/features-explained/ accessed on 03rd April 2015. WHO. (2005). World Health Organisation Preventing children accidents and improving home safety in the European region. Identifying means to make dwellings safer. Pg 3. Pg.12. Pg. 23. WHO (2008) World Health Organization and Unicef. World Report on Child Injury prevention. Accessed from http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2008/9789241563574{\"y}eng.pdf [accessed on 29/11/2014]. Wolfe, I. Macfarlane, A. Donkin, A. Marmot, M. Viner, R. (2014) Why children die: Death in infants, children and young people in UK. Royal college of Paediatric child health. Pg.2. Accessed from http://www.ncb.org.uk/media/1130496/rcpch_ncb_may_2014_-_why_children_die__part_a.pdf accessed on 28th February 2015.",
year = "2015",
month = "9",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
pages = "111--118",
journal = "International Journal of Environment and Health",
issn = "1743-4955",
number = "2",

}

Parental Awareness of safety in the Homes of children under the age of five. / Shaw, Lindsay.

In: International Journal of Environment and Health, Vol. 17, No. 2, 09.2015, p. 111-118.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Parental Awareness of safety in the Homes of children under the age of five

AU - Shaw, Lindsay

N1 - Reference text: Agass, M. Mant, D. Fuller, A. Et al (1990) childhood accidents: a practice survey using general practioners’ records and parental reports. British Journal of General Practice 40. 202-205. Alwash, R. Mc Carthy, M. (1988) measuring severity of injuries to children from home accidents – Archives of disease in childhood 63-pg 637. Beirens, T.M.J. Brug, J. Van Beeck, E.F. Dekker, R. den Hertog, P. Raat, H. (2007) Assessing psychosocial correlates of parental safety behaviour using Protection Motivation Theory: stair gate presence and use among parents of toddlers. Health education research. Vol.23 page 731. British blind and shutter association. Window blind safety. New laws in 2014. Accessed from http://www.nicma.org/cms/docs/NewsandEvents/BBSA%20-%20Blinds%20and%20regulation%20changes.pdf accessed on 24th April 2015. Capt. (2015) Public health commissioning for under 5s. Accessed from http://www.makingthelink.net/topicbriefings/public-health-commissioning-under-5s accessed on 31st March 2015. Child accident prevention trust (Capt) (2014) New standards in blinds 2014.Accessed from: http://www.capt.org.uk/who-we-are/news/new-standards-blinds [accessed on 09/12/2014.} Child accident prevention trust (Capt)(2014). Two recent deaths underline why choking, suffocation and strangulation is a national priority. Accessed from http://www.capt.org.uk/who-we-are/news/two-recent-deathsunderline-why-choking-suffocation-and-strangulation-national-prior accessed on 10/12/12014. Colver, A.F., Hutchinson, P. J., Judson, E.C.. (1982) Promoting children’s home safety. British medical journal volume 285 pg 1177. Data collection methods (2014) Accessed from http://people.uwec.edu/piercech/researchmethods/data%20 collection%20methods/data%20collection%20methods.htm accessed on 08/12/2014. DePanfillas, D. (2006). Child neglect: a guide for prevention, Assessment and Intervention. Chapter 4. Risk and protection factors. Accessed from https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubs/usermanuals/neglect/chapterfour.cfm Accessed on 02/12/2014 Department of Social Development. DSD (2012) Facing the Future: Housing Strategy for Northern Ireland Action Plan 2012 – 2017 accessed from http://www.dsdni.gov.uk/facing-the-future-action-plan.pdf accessed on 15th April 2015. Dershewitz, R.A. MD, ScM. (1979) Will Mothers Use Free Household Safety Devices? Jama Pediatrics. Abstract.Vol. 133(1):61-64 Engstrom, K. Diderichson, F. Laflamme, L (2002) socio economic differences in injury risks in childhood and adolesence: a nationwide and injury prevention. Injury prevention 8:141. Gaines, J. Schwebel, D.C. (2009) Recognition of home injury by novice parents of toddlers – department of psychology accident analysis and prevention. vol; 41 Pg 1070. Garling and Garling, (1995); Gralinski and Kopp, (1993); Peterson et al., (2002) Morrongiello, B.A. Mc Arthur, B.A. Bell, M. (2014) Managing children’s risk of injury in the home: Does parental teaching about home safety reduce young children’s hazard interactions? Accident Analysis and Prevention 71 (2014) Pg. 195 Ghate, D. Hazel, N. (2003) Parenting in poor environments; stress, support and coping. Jessica Kingsley Publishers. Pg 29. Gibbs,L. Waters, E. Sherrard, J. Ozanne-Smith, J. Robinson, J. Young, S. Hutchinson, A. Understanding parental motivators and barriers to uptake of child poison safety strategies. Injury prevention. Vol.11: 373-377 P375. Glass, N. (1999) Sure Start: the development of an early intervention programme for young children in the UK. Children and society. Vol,13, Pg 258. Healthy Lives, Healthy People: our strategy for public health in England (2010) H.M.Gov. pg.10 accessed from https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/216096/dh_127424.pdf Accessed on 28th February 2015 Home accident prevention strategy. (2004-2009) accessed from, http://www.dhsspsni.gov.uk/home_accident_prevention_strategy.pdf accessed on 2nd January 2015. Home accident prevention strategy 2014-2014 (2015) accessed from http://www.dhsspsni.gov.uk/hapstrategy.pdf accessed on 10th March 2015. Jiong Li, M.D., Ph.D., Thomas Munk Laursen, M.Sc., Dorthe Hansen Precht, M.D., Ph.D., Jørn Olsen, M.D., Ph.D., and Preben Bo Mortensen, M.D., Dr.Med.Sc. (2005) Hospitalization for Mental Illness among Parents after the Death of a Child. Keall, M.D. Guria, J. Howden-Chapman, P. Baker, H.G. (2010) Estimation of social costs of home injury: A comparison with estimates for road injury. Accident Analysis & Prevention Volume 43, Issue 3, May 2011, Pages 998–1002. Kendrick, D, Young B, Mason-Jones AJ, Ilyas N, Achana FA, Cooper NJ, Hubbard SJ, Sutton AJ, Smith S, Wynn P, Mulvaney C, Watson MC, Coupland C. (2013) Home safety education and provision of safety equipment for injury prevention (Review) Evidence-based child health: a cochrane review journal Vol 8:3: 761–939. Published online in Wiley Online Library. Laflamme L, Eilert-Peterson E. (1998) as cited in Gulliver, P., Dow, N., Simpson, J. (2007) The epidemiology of home injuries to children under five years in New Zealand. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health. Volume 29, Issue 1, Article first published online: [25 SEP 2007] Learning and teaching services. (2012). The university of Sheffield. Accessed from http://www.shef.ac.uk/lets/strategy/resources/evaluate/general/data-analysis/spss accessed on 08/12/2014. LeBlanc, J., Pless, I., King, W., Bawden, H., Bernard-Bonnin, A., Klassen, T. and Tenenbein, M. (2006). Home safety measures and the risk of unintentional injury among young children: a multicentre case-control study. Canadian Medical Association Journal, [online] 175(8), pp.883-887. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.050592 [Accessed 30 Sep. 2014]. Martin, R. Eichelberger, MD; Catherine S. Gotschall, MA; Herta B. Feely, MJ; Paul Harstad, JD; Leon M. Bowman (1990) Parental Attitudes and Knowledge of Child Safety; A National Survey. Am J Dis Child. Vol; 144(6):714-720. Morrongiello, B.A. Kiriakou, (2004), as cited in Morrongiello, B.A. , Corbett, M. Lasenby, J. Johnston, N. Mc Court, M. (2006) Factors influencing young children's risk of unintentional injury: Parenting style and strategies for teaching about home safety. Murdock, R. Joyce, E. (1974) Home Accidents to Children under 15 Years: Survey of 9IO Cases. British Medical Journal, vol. 3, page 103 accessed from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1611066/pdf/brmedj01986- 0045.pdf [accessed 01/12/2014]. NIFS (2015) Free Home Fire Safety Check. Accessed from http://www. fireservice.co.uk/safety/hfsc accessed on 23rd April 2015. NIHE (2011) district housing plan & local housing strategy 2011/12. Accessed from http://www.nihe.gov.uk/derry_dhp_2011.pdf accessed on 24th April 2015. Oxford dictionary definition. (2015) accessed from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/home accessed on 27/02/2015. Oxford dictionary definition. (2015) accessed from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/safety accessed on 27/02/2015. NICE ( 2010.) New NICE guidance to reduce the number of childhood injuries and deaths. Accessed from https://www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ph29/resources/new-nice-guidance-to-reduce-number-of-child-injuries-anddeaths [Accessed on 01/11/2014]. NISRA (2009) Hospital Admissions due to Accidents. Accessed from http://www.ninis2.nisra.gov.uk/public/pivotgrid.aspx?dataSetVars=ds-2007-lh-37-yn-2004-2009-sk--2-snInvesting%20for%20Health-yearfilter-- accessed on 15th February 2105. Paul, C.L. Redman, S. Evans, D. (1992). The cost of acvailability of devices for preventing childhood injuries. Journal of Pediatric; child health. Vol. 28 Pg 22. Prosad, P.S. Singh, B.R. (2010) window blinds; hanging risk. Proquest Health and Medical Complete. Vol. 83 no.2 pg 40. Public health.hscni.net, (2014). Blind cord safety in spotlight during Family Safety Week | HSC Public Health Agency. [online] Available at: http://www.publichealth.hscni.net/news/blind-cord-safety-spotlight-during-familysafety-week [Accessed 30 October. 2014] ROSPA (2013) Northern Irelands a big book of accident prevention. Pg 5. Rospa.com, (2014). Accidents to Children | Child Safety | Advice & Information | Home Safety | RoSPA. [online] Available at: http://www.rospa.com/homesafety/adviceandinformation/childsafety/accidents-tochildren.aspx#strangulation [Accessed 30 Sep. 2014]. Rospa (2014) blind cord safety campaign. Accessed from http://www.rospa.com/HomeSafety/Info/blind-cordsafety.pdf accessed on 16th February 2015. Rospa (2015) Accidents to children accessed from http://www.rospa.com/homesafety/adviceandinformation/childsafety/accidents-to-children.aspx#References accessed on 16th Feb. 2015. Rospa.com (2012 ). Home Safety Facts and Figures. Accessed from http://www.rospa.com/homesafety/adviceandinformation/general/facts-figures.aspx [Accessed on 02/12/2012]. Rospa. Com (2014) home safety. Accessed from http://www.rospa.com/homesafety/ [accessed on 01 December 2014.] Shanon, A. Bashaw, B. Bsc. Lewis, J. Bsc. Feldman, W. MD. FRCPC. (1992) nonfatal childhood injuries: a survey at the children’s hospital of Eastern Ontario. Canadian Medical Association. Pg 365. Sibert, J.R. (1991) Accidents to children: the doctor's role. Education or environmental change? Archives of Disease in Childhood 1991; 66: 890- 893 Simpson, J. McGee, F. Fougere, G. (2010). Child home safety: are we tackling a wicked problem with tame solutions? Injury prevention. BMJ ;volume, 16(Suppl 1):A1–A289 accessed from http://injuryprevention.bmj.com/content/16/Suppl_1/A199.1.full.pdf+html accessed on 03rd December 2014. Van Beelen, M., Beirens, T., den Hertog, P., van Beeck, E. and Raat, H. (2013) First-Time Parents Are Not Well Enough Prepared for the Safety of Their Infant. Westerntrust.hscni.net, (2014). Western Trust brings child safety message to Free Derry Corner. [online] Available at:Http://www.westerntrust.hscni.net/about.1875.htm [access 7th October 2014 Which (2015) Safety gate reviews; features explained. Accessed from http://www.which.co.uk/baby-and-child/child-safety-at-home/reviews/stair-gates/page/features-explained/ accessed on 03rd April 2015. WHO. (2005). World Health Organisation Preventing children accidents and improving home safety in the European region. Identifying means to make dwellings safer. Pg 3. Pg.12. Pg. 23. WHO (2008) World Health Organization and Unicef. World Report on Child Injury prevention. Accessed from http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2008/9789241563574ÿeng.pdf [accessed on 29/11/2014]. Wolfe, I. Macfarlane, A. Donkin, A. Marmot, M. Viner, R. (2014) Why children die: Death in infants, children and young people in UK. Royal college of Paediatric child health. Pg.2. Accessed from http://www.ncb.org.uk/media/1130496/rcpch_ncb_may_2014_-_why_children_die__part_a.pdf accessed on 28th February 2015.

PY - 2015/9

Y1 - 2015/9

N2 - Home safety is the awareness to make your home a safe environment. The task of riskassessing and implementing safety procedures is usually the roll of the parent to ensure a home iswithout risk or hazard. The home is a complex, interactive environment that operates within a dynamicsocial setting”. In the UK accidental injury to children under 4 years of age is a main cause of uptake ofemergency health care services. Accidents are the leading cause for loss of life of children with under5’s being most at risk at home It is estimated that the cost to society of home accidents in the UK to be£45billion. This research involved the investigation of interventions aimed at improving home safety foryoung children. The research found that there remains a need to increase awareness of home safetyaimed to protect young children. Interventions (particularly home visits) and provision of freeequipment are welcomed. However demand exceeds the capacity to deliver home assessmentsleading to undue delay and children remaining exposed to unnecessary risks in their own homes. Inaddition equipment may not be used or installed due to lack of tools and/or skill.

AB - Home safety is the awareness to make your home a safe environment. The task of riskassessing and implementing safety procedures is usually the roll of the parent to ensure a home iswithout risk or hazard. The home is a complex, interactive environment that operates within a dynamicsocial setting”. In the UK accidental injury to children under 4 years of age is a main cause of uptake ofemergency health care services. Accidents are the leading cause for loss of life of children with under5’s being most at risk at home It is estimated that the cost to society of home accidents in the UK to be£45billion. This research involved the investigation of interventions aimed at improving home safety foryoung children. The research found that there remains a need to increase awareness of home safetyaimed to protect young children. Interventions (particularly home visits) and provision of freeequipment are welcomed. However demand exceeds the capacity to deliver home assessmentsleading to undue delay and children remaining exposed to unnecessary risks in their own homes. Inaddition equipment may not be used or installed due to lack of tools and/or skill.

KW - home

KW - safety

KW - children

KW - accident

M3 - Article

VL - 17

SP - 111

EP - 118

JO - International Journal of Environment and Health

T2 - International Journal of Environment and Health

JF - International Journal of Environment and Health

SN - 1743-4955

IS - 2

ER -