Optimization of washing conditions with biogenic mobilizing agents for marine fuel-contaminated beach sands

Alessia Arelli, Andrea Nuzzo, Claudia Sabia, Ibrahim M Banat, Giulio Zanaroli, Fabio Fava

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Washing is a rapid and effective treatment to remediate contaminated sands impacted by oil spills, although synthetic additives used to increase extraction efficiency may cause additional pollution issues due to their intrinsic toxicity and very often low biodegradability. In this study, different biogenic mobilizing agents (soybean lecithins, cyclodextrins, cholic acids, plant-derived cleaners, rhamnolipids and sophorolipids) were tested in the washing of beach sands artificially contaminated with the Intermediate Fuel Oil IFO-180. Among these, a de-oiled soybean lecithin (SL-1), hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrins (HPB-CD) and sophorolipids (SR) achieved hydrocarbon removals close to those attained with the synthetic surfactant Triton™ X-100 (TX) in preliminary washing tests carried out at constant mixing rate, water/sand ratio and IFO-180 contamination level using agents concentrations close to their critical micelle concentration (0.1% and 1% w/v for microbial and non-microbial agents, respectively). The effects of agent concentration, water/sand ratio, mixing rate and IFO-180 contamination on hydrocarbons removal were modelled using face-centred central composite design and ANOVA. Optimal washing parameters for sand contamination levels in the range 0.5-20 g/kg were identified with response surface methodology. While HPB-CD and SR performed equally to TX only at low sand contaminations, SL-1 attained hydrocarbon removal higher or equal to that of TX at any IFO-180 contamination and at lower application rates. SL-1 also outperformed TX when minimizing the water/sand ratio, i.e., the volume of water used. Considering its lower toxicity, higher biodegradability and higher hydrocarbon removal efficiencies, SL-1 is an effective and environmentally sustainable alternative to synthetic surfactants in washing treatments for marine fuel-contaminated sands.
LanguageEnglish
JournalNew Biotechnology
Volume1
Early online date28 Dec 2017
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 28 Dec 2017

Fingerprint

beach
sand
hydrocarbon
surfactant
soybean
toxicity
oil spill
mixing ratio
water
contamination
pollution
removal
acid
rate

Keywords

  • Sand washing
  • beach sand
  • response surface methodology
  • marine fuel
  • oil spill
  • biosurfactant

Cite this

Arelli, Alessia ; Nuzzo, Andrea ; Sabia, Claudia ; Banat, Ibrahim M ; Zanaroli, Giulio ; Fava, Fabio. / Optimization of washing conditions with biogenic mobilizing agents for marine fuel-contaminated beach sands. In: New Biotechnology. 2017 ; Vol. 1.
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abstract = "Washing is a rapid and effective treatment to remediate contaminated sands impacted by oil spills, although synthetic additives used to increase extraction efficiency may cause additional pollution issues due to their intrinsic toxicity and very often low biodegradability. In this study, different biogenic mobilizing agents (soybean lecithins, cyclodextrins, cholic acids, plant-derived cleaners, rhamnolipids and sophorolipids) were tested in the washing of beach sands artificially contaminated with the Intermediate Fuel Oil IFO-180. Among these, a de-oiled soybean lecithin (SL-1), hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrins (HPB-CD) and sophorolipids (SR) achieved hydrocarbon removals close to those attained with the synthetic surfactant Triton™ X-100 (TX) in preliminary washing tests carried out at constant mixing rate, water/sand ratio and IFO-180 contamination level using agents concentrations close to their critical micelle concentration (0.1{\%} and 1{\%} w/v for microbial and non-microbial agents, respectively). The effects of agent concentration, water/sand ratio, mixing rate and IFO-180 contamination on hydrocarbons removal were modelled using face-centred central composite design and ANOVA. Optimal washing parameters for sand contamination levels in the range 0.5-20 g/kg were identified with response surface methodology. While HPB-CD and SR performed equally to TX only at low sand contaminations, SL-1 attained hydrocarbon removal higher or equal to that of TX at any IFO-180 contamination and at lower application rates. SL-1 also outperformed TX when minimizing the water/sand ratio, i.e., the volume of water used. Considering its lower toxicity, higher biodegradability and higher hydrocarbon removal efficiencies, SL-1 is an effective and environmentally sustainable alternative to synthetic surfactants in washing treatments for marine fuel-contaminated sands.",
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Optimization of washing conditions with biogenic mobilizing agents for marine fuel-contaminated beach sands. / Arelli, Alessia; Nuzzo, Andrea; Sabia, Claudia; Banat, Ibrahim M; Zanaroli, Giulio; Fava, Fabio.

In: New Biotechnology, Vol. 1, 28.12.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Optimization of washing conditions with biogenic mobilizing agents for marine fuel-contaminated beach sands

AU - Arelli, Alessia

AU - Nuzzo, Andrea

AU - Sabia, Claudia

AU - Banat, Ibrahim M

AU - Zanaroli, Giulio

AU - Fava, Fabio

PY - 2017/12/28

Y1 - 2017/12/28

N2 - Washing is a rapid and effective treatment to remediate contaminated sands impacted by oil spills, although synthetic additives used to increase extraction efficiency may cause additional pollution issues due to their intrinsic toxicity and very often low biodegradability. In this study, different biogenic mobilizing agents (soybean lecithins, cyclodextrins, cholic acids, plant-derived cleaners, rhamnolipids and sophorolipids) were tested in the washing of beach sands artificially contaminated with the Intermediate Fuel Oil IFO-180. Among these, a de-oiled soybean lecithin (SL-1), hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrins (HPB-CD) and sophorolipids (SR) achieved hydrocarbon removals close to those attained with the synthetic surfactant Triton™ X-100 (TX) in preliminary washing tests carried out at constant mixing rate, water/sand ratio and IFO-180 contamination level using agents concentrations close to their critical micelle concentration (0.1% and 1% w/v for microbial and non-microbial agents, respectively). The effects of agent concentration, water/sand ratio, mixing rate and IFO-180 contamination on hydrocarbons removal were modelled using face-centred central composite design and ANOVA. Optimal washing parameters for sand contamination levels in the range 0.5-20 g/kg were identified with response surface methodology. While HPB-CD and SR performed equally to TX only at low sand contaminations, SL-1 attained hydrocarbon removal higher or equal to that of TX at any IFO-180 contamination and at lower application rates. SL-1 also outperformed TX when minimizing the water/sand ratio, i.e., the volume of water used. Considering its lower toxicity, higher biodegradability and higher hydrocarbon removal efficiencies, SL-1 is an effective and environmentally sustainable alternative to synthetic surfactants in washing treatments for marine fuel-contaminated sands.

AB - Washing is a rapid and effective treatment to remediate contaminated sands impacted by oil spills, although synthetic additives used to increase extraction efficiency may cause additional pollution issues due to their intrinsic toxicity and very often low biodegradability. In this study, different biogenic mobilizing agents (soybean lecithins, cyclodextrins, cholic acids, plant-derived cleaners, rhamnolipids and sophorolipids) were tested in the washing of beach sands artificially contaminated with the Intermediate Fuel Oil IFO-180. Among these, a de-oiled soybean lecithin (SL-1), hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrins (HPB-CD) and sophorolipids (SR) achieved hydrocarbon removals close to those attained with the synthetic surfactant Triton™ X-100 (TX) in preliminary washing tests carried out at constant mixing rate, water/sand ratio and IFO-180 contamination level using agents concentrations close to their critical micelle concentration (0.1% and 1% w/v for microbial and non-microbial agents, respectively). The effects of agent concentration, water/sand ratio, mixing rate and IFO-180 contamination on hydrocarbons removal were modelled using face-centred central composite design and ANOVA. Optimal washing parameters for sand contamination levels in the range 0.5-20 g/kg were identified with response surface methodology. While HPB-CD and SR performed equally to TX only at low sand contaminations, SL-1 attained hydrocarbon removal higher or equal to that of TX at any IFO-180 contamination and at lower application rates. SL-1 also outperformed TX when minimizing the water/sand ratio, i.e., the volume of water used. Considering its lower toxicity, higher biodegradability and higher hydrocarbon removal efficiencies, SL-1 is an effective and environmentally sustainable alternative to synthetic surfactants in washing treatments for marine fuel-contaminated sands.

KW - Sand washing

KW - beach sand

KW - response surface methodology

KW - marine fuel

KW - oil spill

KW - biosurfactant

U2 - 10.1016/j.nbt.2017.12.007

DO - 10.1016/j.nbt.2017.12.007

M3 - Article

VL - 1

JO - New Biotechnology

T2 - New Biotechnology

JF - New Biotechnology

SN - 1871-6784

ER -