Operationalising Resilience within Planning Practice: Towards an Online Decision Support Model

A Doyle, W Hynes, E Ehimen, SM Purcell, J Coaffee, J Clarke, P Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Over the past decade the concept of ‘resilience’ – broadly viewed as the capacity to plan, prepare,respond and recover from shocks or disturbances - has gained increasing attention within urbanplanning literature. Yet there remains ongoing debate around how this concept can be operationalized within planning policy and practice. This paper presents emerging findings from two EU funded projects – HARMONISE and RESILENS – which both seek to explore the development of e-tools and processes to equip planners with capabilities to assess and enhance the resilience of existing and future urban development projects. To date, the widespread development and optimisation of such tools (and subsequent exploitation of such functions) have been relatively limited in practice due to a poor understanding of resilience as a concept, and differing conceptualisations of ‘resilience’ across cities and national borders. This paper examines some of the key practical challenges in this respect.
LanguageEnglish
Pages42-57
JournalInternational Journal of E-Planning Research
Volume6
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2017

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planning practice
development project
urban development
disturbance
decision
city
border
policy
project
planning
plan

Keywords

  • Cities Critical
  • Infrastructure
  • E-Planning
  • Urban Planning
  • Urban Resilience

Cite this

Doyle, A ; Hynes, W ; Ehimen, E ; Purcell, SM ; Coaffee, J ; Clarke, J ; Davis, P. / Operationalising Resilience within Planning Practice: Towards an Online Decision Support Model. In: International Journal of E-Planning Research. 2017 ; Vol. 6, No. 3. pp. 42-57.
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abstract = "Over the past decade the concept of ‘resilience’ – broadly viewed as the capacity to plan, prepare,respond and recover from shocks or disturbances - has gained increasing attention within urbanplanning literature. Yet there remains ongoing debate around how this concept can be operationalized within planning policy and practice. This paper presents emerging findings from two EU funded projects – HARMONISE and RESILENS – which both seek to explore the development of e-tools and processes to equip planners with capabilities to assess and enhance the resilience of existing and future urban development projects. To date, the widespread development and optimisation of such tools (and subsequent exploitation of such functions) have been relatively limited in practice due to a poor understanding of resilience as a concept, and differing conceptualisations of ‘resilience’ across cities and national borders. This paper examines some of the key practical challenges in this respect.",
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note = "Reference text: Adger, N. (2000), ‘Social and Ecological Resilience: Are They Related?’, Progress in Human Geography 24(3): 347–364. Alexander, D.E (2013) ‘Resilience and disaster risk reduction: an etymological journey’ Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 33(11): 2707-2716 Bennett, B (2007) Understanding, Assessing, and Responding to Terrorism – Protecting Critical Infrastructure and Personnel’. Hoboken, New Jersey. John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Carpenter, S.R., Westley, F. and Turner, G. (2005). Surrogates for resilience of social–ecological systems. Ecosystems, 8(8): 941–944. Carter, J; Cavan, G; Connelly, A; Guy, S; and Handley, J (2015) ‘Climate change and the city: Building capacity for urban adaptation’ Progress in Planning. Volume 95, pp1-66. Chertoff, M (2005) Statement by Homeland Security Secretary Michael Chertoff before the United States House Select Committee on Hurricane Katrina. [Online] Available at: http://www.dhs.gov/xnews/testimony/testimony_0042.shtm Coaffee, J. (2013) “Rescaling and Responsibilising the Politics of Urban Resilience: From National Security to Local Place‐Making” Politics 33 Coaffee, J; and Clarke, J (2015) ‘On securing the generational challenge of urban resilience’ Town Planning Review. Volume 86, Issue 3. Coaffee, J. and Clarke, J. (2016) Critical Infrastructure Lifelines and the Politics of Anthropocentric Resilience, Resilience: International Policies, Practices and Discourses, doi 10.1080/21693293.2016.1241475 Davies T. (2015). Developing Resilience to Naturally Triggered Disasters. Environment Systems and Decisions 35: 237–251. Davoudi, S., Shaw, K., Haider, L.J., Quinlan, A.E., Peterson, G.D., Wilkinson, C., F{\"u}nfgeld, H., McEvoy, D., Porter, L., Davoudi, S., 2012. Resilience: A Bridging Concept or a Dead End? “Reframing” Resilience: Challenges for Planning Theory and Practice Interacting Traps: Resilience Assessment of a Pasture Management System in Northern Afghanistan Urban Resilience: What Does it Mean in Planning Practice? Resilience as a Useful Concept for Climate Change Adaptation? The Politics of Resilience for Planning: A Cautionary Note. Planning Theory & Practice 13: 299-333. Davoudi, S; Crawford, J; and Mehmood, A (Ed.) (2009) ‘Planning for Climate Change: Strategies for Mitigation and Adaptation for Spatial Planners’ London, UK. Earthscan. Desouza, K; Flannery, T; Alex, J; Park, E (2012) ‘Getting Serious About Resilience in Planning’ Planetizen: The Urban Planning, Design, and Development Network [Online] Available at: http://www.planetizen.com/node/57827 Accessed: 2/01/16 DeVerteuil, G (2015) Resilience in the Post-welfare Inner City: Voluntary Sector Geographies in London, Los Angeles and Sydney. Bristol, UK: Policy Press. DiMase D., Collier Z. A., Heffner K., Linkov I. (2015). Systems Engineering Framework for Cyber Physical Security and Resilience. Environment Systems and Decisions 35: 291–300. Fungfeld, H. & McEvoy, D. (2012) “Resilience as a useful concept for climate change adaptation?” Planning Theory and Practice, 13: 324–328 HARMONISE D1.1 (2013) ‘Thematic findings report on state of current practice and state of the art’. Unpublished deliverable from EU F7 funded project HARMONISE. HARMONISE D1.3 (2013) ‘Action Plan of Report on Strategies and Actions Beyond the State of the Art’ Unpublished deliverable from EU FP7 funded project HARMONISE. HARMONISE D5.3 (2016) ‘Final HARMONISE Toolkit’ Unpublished deliverable from EU FP7 funded project HARMONISE. Holling, C. S. (1973). Resilience and stability of ecological systems. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 4, 17. K{\"a}rrholm, Mattias; Nylund, Katarina & Prieto de la Fuente, Paulina (2014) Spatial resilience and urban planning: Addressing the interdependence of urban retail areas. Cities. Volume 36, pp121-130 Lang T (2011) Urban resilience and new institutional theory – a happy couple for urban and regional studies? In M{\"u}ller B (ed.) German Annual of Spatial Research and Policy, Urban Regional Resilience: How do cities and regions deal with change? (pp.15-24) Berlin. Springer-Verlag. Linkov I., Bridges T., Creutzig F., Decker J., Fox-Lent C., Kr{\"o}ger W.,Thiel-Clemen T. (2014). Changing the Resilience Paradigm. Nature Climate Change 4: 407-409. Majoor, S (2015) Resilient practices: a paradox-oriented approach for large-scale development projects. Town Planning Review 86(3), pp 257-277 O’Brien, G. & Read, P. (2005) “The Future of UK Emergency Management: NewWine, Old Skin?” Disaster Prevention and Management 14: 353–361. Olsson, P., Gunderson, L.H., Carpenter, S., Ryan, P., Lebel, L., Folke, C. and Holling, C.S. 2006. Shooting the rapids: Navigating transitions to adaptive governance of social–ecological systems. Ecology and Society, 11(1): 18 O’Rourke T.D. (2007). Critical Infrastructure, Interdependencies, and Resilience. The Bridge – Linking Engineering and Society 37: 22-30. Pimm, S.L., (1991). The Balance of Nature? Ecological Issues in the Conservation of Species and Communities. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Pizzo, B (2015) Problematizing resilience: Implications for planning theory and practice’ Cities 43: 133–140 RESILENS D1.1 (2015) ‘Resilience Evaluation and SOTA Summary Report’ Unpublished deliverable from EU Horizon 2020 funded project RESILENS. Rinaldi M., Peerenboom J.P., Kelly T.K. (2001). Identifying, Understanding and Analysing Critical Infrastructure Interdependencies. IEEE Control Systems 21; 11-25 ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION (2013). 100 Resilient Cities. [Online] Available at: http://www.100resilientcities.org/pages/about-us#/-_/ Savitch, H.V (2015) ‘Cities in a Time of Terror’. London. Routledge. SIEMENS (2014), Toolkit for resilient Cities Summary. [Online] Available at: http://w3.siemens.com/topics/global/en/sustainable-cities/resilience/Documents/pdf/Toolkit_for_Resilient_Cities_Summary.Pdf Sikula N.R., Mancillas J.W., Linkov I., McDonagh J. A. (2015). Risk Management Is Not Enough: A Conceptual Model for Resilience and Adaptation-based Vulnerability Assessments. Environment Systems and Decisions 35: 219–228. Silva, C (Ed.) (2015) ‘Emerging Issues, Challenges and Opportunities in Urban E-Planning’ Advances in Civil and Industrial Engineering Book Series. Silva, C (Ed.) (2012) ‘Online Research Methods in Urban and Planning Studies – Design and Outcomes’ Pennsylvania, US. IGI Global. Suter M. (2011). Resilience and Risk Management in Critical Infrastructure Protection: Exploring the Relationship and Comparing its Use. Z{\"u}rich: Center for Security Studies (CSS), ETH Z{\"u}rich. Tickle, L (2, December 2008) ‘Public Spaces, Secret Weapons’ The Guardian. [Online] Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/education/2008/dec/02/town-planning-terror-attack-management UNISDR (2012) How to Make Cities More Resilient - A Handbook for Mayors and Local Government Leaders United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR), Geneva United Nations (2012) World Urbanization Prospects: The 2011 Revision United Nations, New York. White, I and O’Hare, P (2014) ‘From rhetoric to reality: which resilience, why resilience, and whose resilience in spatial planning?’ Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy 2014, volume 32, pp 934 – 950",
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Operationalising Resilience within Planning Practice: Towards an Online Decision Support Model. / Doyle, A; Hynes, W; Ehimen, E; Purcell, SM; Coaffee, J; Clarke, J; Davis, P.

In: International Journal of E-Planning Research, Vol. 6, No. 3, 01.07.2017, p. 42-57.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Operationalising Resilience within Planning Practice: Towards an Online Decision Support Model

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AU - Hynes, W

AU - Ehimen, E

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N1 - Reference text: Adger, N. (2000), ‘Social and Ecological Resilience: Are They Related?’, Progress in Human Geography 24(3): 347–364. Alexander, D.E (2013) ‘Resilience and disaster risk reduction: an etymological journey’ Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 33(11): 2707-2716 Bennett, B (2007) Understanding, Assessing, and Responding to Terrorism – Protecting Critical Infrastructure and Personnel’. Hoboken, New Jersey. John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Carpenter, S.R., Westley, F. and Turner, G. (2005). Surrogates for resilience of social–ecological systems. Ecosystems, 8(8): 941–944. Carter, J; Cavan, G; Connelly, A; Guy, S; and Handley, J (2015) ‘Climate change and the city: Building capacity for urban adaptation’ Progress in Planning. Volume 95, pp1-66. Chertoff, M (2005) Statement by Homeland Security Secretary Michael Chertoff before the United States House Select Committee on Hurricane Katrina. [Online] Available at: http://www.dhs.gov/xnews/testimony/testimony_0042.shtm Coaffee, J. (2013) “Rescaling and Responsibilising the Politics of Urban Resilience: From National Security to Local Place‐Making” Politics 33 Coaffee, J; and Clarke, J (2015) ‘On securing the generational challenge of urban resilience’ Town Planning Review. Volume 86, Issue 3. Coaffee, J. and Clarke, J. (2016) Critical Infrastructure Lifelines and the Politics of Anthropocentric Resilience, Resilience: International Policies, Practices and Discourses, doi 10.1080/21693293.2016.1241475 Davies T. (2015). Developing Resilience to Naturally Triggered Disasters. Environment Systems and Decisions 35: 237–251. Davoudi, S., Shaw, K., Haider, L.J., Quinlan, A.E., Peterson, G.D., Wilkinson, C., Fünfgeld, H., McEvoy, D., Porter, L., Davoudi, S., 2012. Resilience: A Bridging Concept or a Dead End? “Reframing” Resilience: Challenges for Planning Theory and Practice Interacting Traps: Resilience Assessment of a Pasture Management System in Northern Afghanistan Urban Resilience: What Does it Mean in Planning Practice? Resilience as a Useful Concept for Climate Change Adaptation? The Politics of Resilience for Planning: A Cautionary Note. Planning Theory & Practice 13: 299-333. Davoudi, S; Crawford, J; and Mehmood, A (Ed.) (2009) ‘Planning for Climate Change: Strategies for Mitigation and Adaptation for Spatial Planners’ London, UK. Earthscan. Desouza, K; Flannery, T; Alex, J; Park, E (2012) ‘Getting Serious About Resilience in Planning’ Planetizen: The Urban Planning, Design, and Development Network [Online] Available at: http://www.planetizen.com/node/57827 Accessed: 2/01/16 DeVerteuil, G (2015) Resilience in the Post-welfare Inner City: Voluntary Sector Geographies in London, Los Angeles and Sydney. Bristol, UK: Policy Press. DiMase D., Collier Z. A., Heffner K., Linkov I. (2015). Systems Engineering Framework for Cyber Physical Security and Resilience. Environment Systems and Decisions 35: 291–300. Fungfeld, H. & McEvoy, D. (2012) “Resilience as a useful concept for climate change adaptation?” Planning Theory and Practice, 13: 324–328 HARMONISE D1.1 (2013) ‘Thematic findings report on state of current practice and state of the art’. Unpublished deliverable from EU F7 funded project HARMONISE. HARMONISE D1.3 (2013) ‘Action Plan of Report on Strategies and Actions Beyond the State of the Art’ Unpublished deliverable from EU FP7 funded project HARMONISE. HARMONISE D5.3 (2016) ‘Final HARMONISE Toolkit’ Unpublished deliverable from EU FP7 funded project HARMONISE. Holling, C. S. (1973). Resilience and stability of ecological systems. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 4, 17. Kärrholm, Mattias; Nylund, Katarina & Prieto de la Fuente, Paulina (2014) Spatial resilience and urban planning: Addressing the interdependence of urban retail areas. Cities. Volume 36, pp121-130 Lang T (2011) Urban resilience and new institutional theory – a happy couple for urban and regional studies? In Müller B (ed.) German Annual of Spatial Research and Policy, Urban Regional Resilience: How do cities and regions deal with change? (pp.15-24) Berlin. Springer-Verlag. Linkov I., Bridges T., Creutzig F., Decker J., Fox-Lent C., Kröger W.,Thiel-Clemen T. (2014). Changing the Resilience Paradigm. Nature Climate Change 4: 407-409. Majoor, S (2015) Resilient practices: a paradox-oriented approach for large-scale development projects. Town Planning Review 86(3), pp 257-277 O’Brien, G. & Read, P. (2005) “The Future of UK Emergency Management: NewWine, Old Skin?” Disaster Prevention and Management 14: 353–361. Olsson, P., Gunderson, L.H., Carpenter, S., Ryan, P., Lebel, L., Folke, C. and Holling, C.S. 2006. Shooting the rapids: Navigating transitions to adaptive governance of social–ecological systems. Ecology and Society, 11(1): 18 O’Rourke T.D. (2007). Critical Infrastructure, Interdependencies, and Resilience. The Bridge – Linking Engineering and Society 37: 22-30. Pimm, S.L., (1991). The Balance of Nature? Ecological Issues in the Conservation of Species and Communities. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Pizzo, B (2015) Problematizing resilience: Implications for planning theory and practice’ Cities 43: 133–140 RESILENS D1.1 (2015) ‘Resilience Evaluation and SOTA Summary Report’ Unpublished deliverable from EU Horizon 2020 funded project RESILENS. Rinaldi M., Peerenboom J.P., Kelly T.K. (2001). Identifying, Understanding and Analysing Critical Infrastructure Interdependencies. IEEE Control Systems 21; 11-25 ROCKEFELLER FOUNDATION (2013). 100 Resilient Cities. [Online] Available at: http://www.100resilientcities.org/pages/about-us#/-_/ Savitch, H.V (2015) ‘Cities in a Time of Terror’. London. Routledge. SIEMENS (2014), Toolkit for resilient Cities Summary. [Online] Available at: http://w3.siemens.com/topics/global/en/sustainable-cities/resilience/Documents/pdf/Toolkit_for_Resilient_Cities_Summary.Pdf Sikula N.R., Mancillas J.W., Linkov I., McDonagh J. A. (2015). Risk Management Is Not Enough: A Conceptual Model for Resilience and Adaptation-based Vulnerability Assessments. Environment Systems and Decisions 35: 219–228. Silva, C (Ed.) (2015) ‘Emerging Issues, Challenges and Opportunities in Urban E-Planning’ Advances in Civil and Industrial Engineering Book Series. Silva, C (Ed.) (2012) ‘Online Research Methods in Urban and Planning Studies – Design and Outcomes’ Pennsylvania, US. IGI Global. Suter M. (2011). Resilience and Risk Management in Critical Infrastructure Protection: Exploring the Relationship and Comparing its Use. Zürich: Center for Security Studies (CSS), ETH Zürich. Tickle, L (2, December 2008) ‘Public Spaces, Secret Weapons’ The Guardian. [Online] Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/education/2008/dec/02/town-planning-terror-attack-management UNISDR (2012) How to Make Cities More Resilient - A Handbook for Mayors and Local Government Leaders United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR), Geneva United Nations (2012) World Urbanization Prospects: The 2011 Revision United Nations, New York. White, I and O’Hare, P (2014) ‘From rhetoric to reality: which resilience, why resilience, and whose resilience in spatial planning?’ Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy 2014, volume 32, pp 934 – 950

PY - 2017/7/1

Y1 - 2017/7/1

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AB - Over the past decade the concept of ‘resilience’ – broadly viewed as the capacity to plan, prepare,respond and recover from shocks or disturbances - has gained increasing attention within urbanplanning literature. Yet there remains ongoing debate around how this concept can be operationalized within planning policy and practice. This paper presents emerging findings from two EU funded projects – HARMONISE and RESILENS – which both seek to explore the development of e-tools and processes to equip planners with capabilities to assess and enhance the resilience of existing and future urban development projects. To date, the widespread development and optimisation of such tools (and subsequent exploitation of such functions) have been relatively limited in practice due to a poor understanding of resilience as a concept, and differing conceptualisations of ‘resilience’ across cities and national borders. This paper examines some of the key practical challenges in this respect.

KW - Cities Critical

KW - Infrastructure

KW - E-Planning

KW - Urban Planning

KW - Urban Resilience

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DO - 10.4018/IJEPR.2017070103

M3 - Article

VL - 6

SP - 42

EP - 57

JO - International Journal of E-Planning Research

T2 - International Journal of E-Planning Research

JF - International Journal of E-Planning Research

SN - 2160-9918

IS - 3

ER -