On the use of hydrogen in confined spaces: Results from the internal project InsHyde

A.G. Venetsanos, P. Adams, I. Azkarate, A. Bengaouer, L. Brett, M.N. Carcassi, A. Engebø, E. Gallego, A.I. Gavrikov, O.R. Hansen, S. Hawksworth, T. Jordan, A. Kessler, S. Kumar, Vladimir Molkov, S. Nilsen, E. Reinecke, M. Stöcklin, U. Schmidtchen, A. Teodorczyk & 2 others D. Tigreat, N.H.A. Versloot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The paper presents an overview of the main achievements of the internal project InsHyde of the HySafe NoE. The scope of InsHyde was to investigate realistic small-medium indoor hydrogen leaks and provide recommendations for the safe use/storage of indoor hydrogen systems. Additionally, InsHyde served to integrate proposals from HySafe work packages and existing external research projects towards a common effort. Following a state of the art review, InsHyde activities expanded into experimental and simulation work. Dispersion experiments were performed using hydrogen and helium at the INERIS gallery facility to evaluate short and long term dispersion patterns in garage like settings. A new facility (GARAGE) was built at CEA and dispersion experiments were performed there using helium to evaluate hydrogen dispersion under highly controlled conditions. In parallel, combustion experiments were performed by FZK to evaluate the maximum amount of hydrogen that could be safely ignited indoors. The combustion experiments were extended later on by KI at their test site, by considering the ignition of larger amounts of hydrogen in obstructed environments outdoors. An evaluation of the performance of commercial hydrogen detectors as well as inter-lab calibration work was jointly performed by JRC, INERIS and BAM. Simulation work was as intensive as the experimental work with participation from most of the partners. It included pre-test simulations, validation of the available CFD codes against previously performed experiments with significant CFD code inter-comparisons, as well as CFD application to investigate specific realistic scenarios. Additionally an evaluation of permeation issues was performed by VOLVO, CEA, NCSRD and UU, by combining theoretical, computational and experimental approaches with the results being presented to key automotive regulations and standards groups. Finally, the InsHyde project concluded with a public document providing initial guidance on the use of hydrogen in confined spaces.
LanguageEnglish
Pages2693-2699
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Fingerprint

Hydrogen
hydrogen
charge flow devices
Computational fluid dynamics
Experiments
Helium
helium
simulation
evaluation
research projects
recommendations
Permeation
ignition
Ignition
proposals
Calibration
Detectors
detectors

Cite this

Venetsanos, A. G., Adams, P., Azkarate, I., Bengaouer, A., Brett, L., Carcassi, M. N., ... Versloot, N. H. A. (2011). On the use of hydrogen in confined spaces: Results from the internal project InsHyde. 36(3), 2693-2699. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2010.05.030
Venetsanos, A.G. ; Adams, P. ; Azkarate, I. ; Bengaouer, A. ; Brett, L. ; Carcassi, M.N. ; Engebø, A. ; Gallego, E. ; Gavrikov, A.I. ; Hansen, O.R. ; Hawksworth, S. ; Jordan, T. ; Kessler, A. ; Kumar, S. ; Molkov, Vladimir ; Nilsen, S. ; Reinecke, E. ; Stöcklin, M. ; Schmidtchen, U. ; Teodorczyk, A. ; Tigreat, D. ; Versloot, N.H.A. / On the use of hydrogen in confined spaces: Results from the internal project InsHyde. 2011 ; Vol. 36, No. 3. pp. 2693-2699.
@article{e83133dd6f6b4c33bcce75eedb57648b,
title = "On the use of hydrogen in confined spaces: Results from the internal project InsHyde",
abstract = "The paper presents an overview of the main achievements of the internal project InsHyde of the HySafe NoE. The scope of InsHyde was to investigate realistic small-medium indoor hydrogen leaks and provide recommendations for the safe use/storage of indoor hydrogen systems. Additionally, InsHyde served to integrate proposals from HySafe work packages and existing external research projects towards a common effort. Following a state of the art review, InsHyde activities expanded into experimental and simulation work. Dispersion experiments were performed using hydrogen and helium at the INERIS gallery facility to evaluate short and long term dispersion patterns in garage like settings. A new facility (GARAGE) was built at CEA and dispersion experiments were performed there using helium to evaluate hydrogen dispersion under highly controlled conditions. In parallel, combustion experiments were performed by FZK to evaluate the maximum amount of hydrogen that could be safely ignited indoors. The combustion experiments were extended later on by KI at their test site, by considering the ignition of larger amounts of hydrogen in obstructed environments outdoors. An evaluation of the performance of commercial hydrogen detectors as well as inter-lab calibration work was jointly performed by JRC, INERIS and BAM. Simulation work was as intensive as the experimental work with participation from most of the partners. It included pre-test simulations, validation of the available CFD codes against previously performed experiments with significant CFD code inter-comparisons, as well as CFD application to investigate specific realistic scenarios. Additionally an evaluation of permeation issues was performed by VOLVO, CEA, NCSRD and UU, by combining theoretical, computational and experimental approaches with the results being presented to key automotive regulations and standards groups. Finally, the InsHyde project concluded with a public document providing initial guidance on the use of hydrogen in confined spaces.",
author = "A.G. Venetsanos and P. Adams and I. Azkarate and A. Bengaouer and L. Brett and M.N. Carcassi and A. Engeb{\o} and E. Gallego and A.I. Gavrikov and O.R. Hansen and S. Hawksworth and T. Jordan and A. Kessler and S. Kumar and Vladimir Molkov and S. Nilsen and E. Reinecke and M. St{\"o}cklin and U. Schmidtchen and A. Teodorczyk and D. Tigreat and N.H.A. Versloot",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.1016/j.ijhydene.2010.05.030",
language = "English",
volume = "36",
pages = "2693--2699",
number = "3",

}

Venetsanos, AG, Adams, P, Azkarate, I, Bengaouer, A, Brett, L, Carcassi, MN, Engebø, A, Gallego, E, Gavrikov, AI, Hansen, OR, Hawksworth, S, Jordan, T, Kessler, A, Kumar, S, Molkov, V, Nilsen, S, Reinecke, E, Stöcklin, M, Schmidtchen, U, Teodorczyk, A, Tigreat, D & Versloot, NHA 2011, 'On the use of hydrogen in confined spaces: Results from the internal project InsHyde', vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 2693-2699. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2010.05.030

On the use of hydrogen in confined spaces: Results from the internal project InsHyde. / Venetsanos, A.G.; Adams, P.; Azkarate, I.; Bengaouer, A.; Brett, L.; Carcassi, M.N.; Engebø, A.; Gallego, E.; Gavrikov, A.I.; Hansen, O.R.; Hawksworth, S.; Jordan, T.; Kessler, A.; Kumar, S.; Molkov, Vladimir; Nilsen, S.; Reinecke, E.; Stöcklin, M.; Schmidtchen, U.; Teodorczyk, A.; Tigreat, D.; Versloot, N.H.A.

Vol. 36, No. 3, 2011, p. 2693-2699.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - On the use of hydrogen in confined spaces: Results from the internal project InsHyde

AU - Venetsanos, A.G.

AU - Adams, P.

AU - Azkarate, I.

AU - Bengaouer, A.

AU - Brett, L.

AU - Carcassi, M.N.

AU - Engebø, A.

AU - Gallego, E.

AU - Gavrikov, A.I.

AU - Hansen, O.R.

AU - Hawksworth, S.

AU - Jordan, T.

AU - Kessler, A.

AU - Kumar, S.

AU - Molkov, Vladimir

AU - Nilsen, S.

AU - Reinecke, E.

AU - Stöcklin, M.

AU - Schmidtchen, U.

AU - Teodorczyk, A.

AU - Tigreat, D.

AU - Versloot, N.H.A.

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - The paper presents an overview of the main achievements of the internal project InsHyde of the HySafe NoE. The scope of InsHyde was to investigate realistic small-medium indoor hydrogen leaks and provide recommendations for the safe use/storage of indoor hydrogen systems. Additionally, InsHyde served to integrate proposals from HySafe work packages and existing external research projects towards a common effort. Following a state of the art review, InsHyde activities expanded into experimental and simulation work. Dispersion experiments were performed using hydrogen and helium at the INERIS gallery facility to evaluate short and long term dispersion patterns in garage like settings. A new facility (GARAGE) was built at CEA and dispersion experiments were performed there using helium to evaluate hydrogen dispersion under highly controlled conditions. In parallel, combustion experiments were performed by FZK to evaluate the maximum amount of hydrogen that could be safely ignited indoors. The combustion experiments were extended later on by KI at their test site, by considering the ignition of larger amounts of hydrogen in obstructed environments outdoors. An evaluation of the performance of commercial hydrogen detectors as well as inter-lab calibration work was jointly performed by JRC, INERIS and BAM. Simulation work was as intensive as the experimental work with participation from most of the partners. It included pre-test simulations, validation of the available CFD codes against previously performed experiments with significant CFD code inter-comparisons, as well as CFD application to investigate specific realistic scenarios. Additionally an evaluation of permeation issues was performed by VOLVO, CEA, NCSRD and UU, by combining theoretical, computational and experimental approaches with the results being presented to key automotive regulations and standards groups. Finally, the InsHyde project concluded with a public document providing initial guidance on the use of hydrogen in confined spaces.

AB - The paper presents an overview of the main achievements of the internal project InsHyde of the HySafe NoE. The scope of InsHyde was to investigate realistic small-medium indoor hydrogen leaks and provide recommendations for the safe use/storage of indoor hydrogen systems. Additionally, InsHyde served to integrate proposals from HySafe work packages and existing external research projects towards a common effort. Following a state of the art review, InsHyde activities expanded into experimental and simulation work. Dispersion experiments were performed using hydrogen and helium at the INERIS gallery facility to evaluate short and long term dispersion patterns in garage like settings. A new facility (GARAGE) was built at CEA and dispersion experiments were performed there using helium to evaluate hydrogen dispersion under highly controlled conditions. In parallel, combustion experiments were performed by FZK to evaluate the maximum amount of hydrogen that could be safely ignited indoors. The combustion experiments were extended later on by KI at their test site, by considering the ignition of larger amounts of hydrogen in obstructed environments outdoors. An evaluation of the performance of commercial hydrogen detectors as well as inter-lab calibration work was jointly performed by JRC, INERIS and BAM. Simulation work was as intensive as the experimental work with participation from most of the partners. It included pre-test simulations, validation of the available CFD codes against previously performed experiments with significant CFD code inter-comparisons, as well as CFD application to investigate specific realistic scenarios. Additionally an evaluation of permeation issues was performed by VOLVO, CEA, NCSRD and UU, by combining theoretical, computational and experimental approaches with the results being presented to key automotive regulations and standards groups. Finally, the InsHyde project concluded with a public document providing initial guidance on the use of hydrogen in confined spaces.

U2 - 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2010.05.030

DO - 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2010.05.030

M3 - Article

VL - 36

SP - 2693

EP - 2699

IS - 3

ER -

Venetsanos AG, Adams P, Azkarate I, Bengaouer A, Brett L, Carcassi MN et al. On the use of hydrogen in confined spaces: Results from the internal project InsHyde. 2011;36(3):2693-2699. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2010.05.030