Office rents, mixed-use developments, and agglomeration economies: a panel data analysis

Ervi Liusman, Daniel Chi Wing Ho, Hiu Ching Lo, Daniel Yet Fhang Lo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship between office rents and mixed-use development in the context of agglomeration economies.

Using a sample of 10,209 observations in 100 Grade A office buildings in Hong Kong from January 2001 to June 2011, the authors estimated office rent regression using unbalanced panel data analysis.

The results show that rents decreased with an increase in distance from retailers and hotels. Furthermore, the results revealed that, ceteris paribus, office tenants were willing to pay higher rents in a mixed-use than in a single-use office development.

Research limitations/implications
There is an existence of agglomeration economies due to the clustering of various industries in mixed-use developments, which allow for their close proximity to potential clients.

Practical implications
The diversity of activities in a mixed-use development benefit its tenants and, thus, convince them to pay higher rents. Higher rents generated by a mixed-use facility will attract more investors to it. Investors should seek opportunities to capitalize on their equity in mixed-use developments.

This paper attempts to uncover a relationship between office rents and mixed-use developments by drawing on the concept of agglomeration economies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)455-471
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Property Investment & Finance
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 7 Aug 2017


  • diversity
  • proximity
  • panel data analysis
  • agglomeration economies
  • mixed-use development
  • office rents


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