Of time and tide: The complex impacts of climate change on coastal and underwater cultural heritage.

David Gregory, Tom Dawson, Dolores Elkin, Hans Van Tilburg, Chris Underwood, Vicki Richards, Andrew Viduka, K Westley, Jeneva Wright, Jørgen Hollesen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
41 Downloads (Pure)


The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has documented wide-ranging changes to the world's coasts and oceans, with significant further change predicted. Impacts on coastal and underwater heritage sites, however, remain relatively poorly understood. The authors draw on 30 years of research into coastal and underwater archaeological sites to highlight some of the interrelated processes of deterioration and damage. Emphasising the need for closer collaboration between, on one hand, archaeologists and cultural resource managers and, on the other, climate and marine scientists, this article also discusses research from other disciplines that informs understanding of the complexity of the interaction of natural and anthropogenic processes and their impacts on cultural heritage.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1396-1411
Number of pages16
Issue number390
Early online date2 Nov 2022
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 31 Dec 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © The Author(s), 2022. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of Antiquity Publications Ltd.


  • climate change
  • coastal heritage
  • underwater cultural heritage
  • environment
  • impact
  • erosion


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