Obesity and overweight in intellectual and non-intellectually disabled children.

Eamonn Slevin, Maria Truesdale-Kennedy, Roy McConkey, Barbara Livingstone, Paul Fleming

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    21 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background Few studies have compared overweight and obesity in intellectually disabled (ID) and nonintellectually disabled (N-ID) children. This research compared the prevalence of overweight and obesity between a sample of 218 ID and 229 N-ID school pupils in Northern Ireland (NI). Comparison of the physical activity and dietary behaviour of the two groups of school pupils were also undertaken.Methods Each pupil completed (assisted if required) a food intake and physical activity questionnaire. Following this body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference were measured and recorded.Results Significantly more ID pupils (72, 33%) were overweight/obese compared with 55 (24%) of the N-ID pupils in accordance with their BMI. ID pupils also had significantly higher waist circumferences. Over a quarter of foods consumed by the pupils were fatty and sugary foods and close to 30% of these foods were eaten by the ID children. Pupils spent most of their time engaging in low levels of activity such as reading, watching TV, on gamesconsoles and listening to music. Pupils with an ID spent fewer hours on moderate and high levels of activities compared with those children with N-ID.Conclusions Results of this study found higher levels of overweight and obesity in this sample than in international published research. Additionally significantly higher numbers of ID pupils were overweight and obese indicating the need for future research and public health to focus on this issue.
    LanguageEnglish
    JournalJournal of Intellectual Disability Research.
    VolumeNot as
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2012

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    Disabled Children
    Pupil
    Obesity
    Waist Circumference
    Food
    Body Mass Index
    Exercise
    Northern Ireland
    Music
    Research
    Reading
    Public Health
    Eating

    Cite this

    Slevin, Eamonn ; Truesdale-Kennedy, Maria ; McConkey, Roy ; Livingstone, Barbara ; Fleming, Paul. / Obesity and overweight in intellectual and non-intellectually disabled children. In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 2012 ; Vol. Not as.
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    title = "Obesity and overweight in intellectual and non-intellectually disabled children.",
    abstract = "Background Few studies have compared overweight and obesity in intellectually disabled (ID) and nonintellectually disabled (N-ID) children. This research compared the prevalence of overweight and obesity between a sample of 218 ID and 229 N-ID school pupils in Northern Ireland (NI). Comparison of the physical activity and dietary behaviour of the two groups of school pupils were also undertaken.Methods Each pupil completed (assisted if required) a food intake and physical activity questionnaire. Following this body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference were measured and recorded.Results Significantly more ID pupils (72, 33{\%}) were overweight/obese compared with 55 (24{\%}) of the N-ID pupils in accordance with their BMI. ID pupils also had significantly higher waist circumferences. Over a quarter of foods consumed by the pupils were fatty and sugary foods and close to 30{\%} of these foods were eaten by the ID children. Pupils spent most of their time engaging in low levels of activity such as reading, watching TV, on gamesconsoles and listening to music. Pupils with an ID spent fewer hours on moderate and high levels of activities compared with those children with N-ID.Conclusions Results of this study found higher levels of overweight and obesity in this sample than in international published research. Additionally significantly higher numbers of ID pupils were overweight and obese indicating the need for future research and public health to focus on this issue.",
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    Obesity and overweight in intellectual and non-intellectually disabled children. / Slevin, Eamonn; Truesdale-Kennedy, Maria; McConkey, Roy; Livingstone, Barbara; Fleming, Paul.

    In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research., Vol. Not as, 01.06.2012.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AU - Truesdale-Kennedy, Maria

    AU - McConkey, Roy

    AU - Livingstone, Barbara

    AU - Fleming, Paul

    PY - 2012/6/1

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    N2 - Background Few studies have compared overweight and obesity in intellectually disabled (ID) and nonintellectually disabled (N-ID) children. This research compared the prevalence of overweight and obesity between a sample of 218 ID and 229 N-ID school pupils in Northern Ireland (NI). Comparison of the physical activity and dietary behaviour of the two groups of school pupils were also undertaken.Methods Each pupil completed (assisted if required) a food intake and physical activity questionnaire. Following this body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference were measured and recorded.Results Significantly more ID pupils (72, 33%) were overweight/obese compared with 55 (24%) of the N-ID pupils in accordance with their BMI. ID pupils also had significantly higher waist circumferences. Over a quarter of foods consumed by the pupils were fatty and sugary foods and close to 30% of these foods were eaten by the ID children. Pupils spent most of their time engaging in low levels of activity such as reading, watching TV, on gamesconsoles and listening to music. Pupils with an ID spent fewer hours on moderate and high levels of activities compared with those children with N-ID.Conclusions Results of this study found higher levels of overweight and obesity in this sample than in international published research. Additionally significantly higher numbers of ID pupils were overweight and obese indicating the need for future research and public health to focus on this issue.

    AB - Background Few studies have compared overweight and obesity in intellectually disabled (ID) and nonintellectually disabled (N-ID) children. This research compared the prevalence of overweight and obesity between a sample of 218 ID and 229 N-ID school pupils in Northern Ireland (NI). Comparison of the physical activity and dietary behaviour of the two groups of school pupils were also undertaken.Methods Each pupil completed (assisted if required) a food intake and physical activity questionnaire. Following this body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference were measured and recorded.Results Significantly more ID pupils (72, 33%) were overweight/obese compared with 55 (24%) of the N-ID pupils in accordance with their BMI. ID pupils also had significantly higher waist circumferences. Over a quarter of foods consumed by the pupils were fatty and sugary foods and close to 30% of these foods were eaten by the ID children. Pupils spent most of their time engaging in low levels of activity such as reading, watching TV, on gamesconsoles and listening to music. Pupils with an ID spent fewer hours on moderate and high levels of activities compared with those children with N-ID.Conclusions Results of this study found higher levels of overweight and obesity in this sample than in international published research. Additionally significantly higher numbers of ID pupils were overweight and obese indicating the need for future research and public health to focus on this issue.

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