Nutrition measures and limits: The dominance of the USDA’s Food Insecurity and Hunger Module and its adaptions

Sinéad Furey, Emma Beacom

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The Sustainable Development Goals call for an end to poverty (No Poverty) in all its forms everywhere to end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition (Zero Hunger). Food insecurity (food poverty) – the inability to access affordable food, or the worry that you may be unable to do so – and hunger are of increasing concern in developed countries. There are various indicators used to measure the prevalence and severity of food insecurity internationally and this paper compares and contrasts three of these: EU Survey on Income and Living Conditions (SILC) food deprivation measures, the FAO Food Insecurity Experience Scale Survey Module, and the USDA Household Food Security Survey Module (HFSSM). We conclude with a discussion of the HFSSM and its application and dominance in the UK’s Family Resources Survey and Food Standards Agency’s Food and You (2) survey to quantify the existence of hunger and associated anxiety about affording and accessing food, Finally we discuss opportunities to broaden further its applicability for UK household food security measurement.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHandbook of Food Security and Society
EditorsMartin Caraher, John Coveney, Mickey Chopra
PublisherEdward Elgar Publishing Ltd.
ISBN (Print)978 1 80037 843 8
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 3 Jan 2023


  • Food Insecurity
  • Food Poverty
  • Measurement
  • Indicator
  • Hunger
  • Nutrition
  • health inequalities


Dive into the research topics of 'Nutrition measures and limits: The dominance of the USDA’s Food Insecurity and Hunger Module and its adaptions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this