Numerical Study of a Quasi-Isothermal Expander by Spraying Water

Xin Jing Zhang, Yujie Xu, Xiezhi Zhou, Yi Zhang, Wen Li, Zhitao Zhuo, Huan Guo, Ye Huang, Haisheng Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Compressed air energy storage (CAES) technology is considered as a promising method to improve the reliability and efficiency of the electricity transmission and distribution, especially with high penetration of renewable energy. The expander is a vital component of CAES system. The specific work generation through an expander can be improved through an isothermal expander compared with an adiabatic expansion process. And the temperature is almost constant, which enables the expander operate with high pressure ratio. A specific reciprocating expander with high pressure ratio is developed and its adiabatic expansion process is measured. A numerical modelling is constructed to mimic the adiabatic expansion, and it is validated by the experimental results. Furthermore, a quasi-isothermal expansion is proposed by using water injection into the cylinder based on the studied expander. The modelling is further developed by introducing water-air direct heat change equations to simulate the quasi-isothermal process. The simulated results of the quasi-isothermal expander when spraying tiny water droplets into the cylinder indicate that the specific work generation is improved by 15.7% compared with that of the adiabatic expansion under the same air inlet condition. The temperature difference is only about 10% of that of the adiabatic process.
LanguageEnglish
Pages3388-3393
JournalEnergy Procedia
Volume142
Early online date31 Jan 2018
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 31 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

Spraying
Water
Engine cylinders
Water injection
Air intakes
Electricity
Temperature
Air
Compressed air energy storage

Keywords

  • Compressed air energy storage
  • isothermal expander
  • experiment and simulation
  • specific work
  • high pressure ratio

Cite this

Zhang, X. J., Xu, Y., Zhou, X., Zhang, Y., Li, W., Zhuo, Z., ... Chen, H. (2018). Numerical Study of a Quasi-Isothermal Expander by Spraying Water. Energy Procedia, 142, 3388-3393. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2017.12.475
Zhang, Xin Jing ; Xu, Yujie ; Zhou, Xiezhi ; Zhang, Yi ; Li, Wen ; Zhuo, Zhitao ; Guo, Huan ; Huang, Ye ; Chen, Haisheng. / Numerical Study of a Quasi-Isothermal Expander by Spraying Water. In: Energy Procedia. 2018 ; Vol. 142. pp. 3388-3393.
@article{afeb03165acf44b497985e833534b876,
title = "Numerical Study of a Quasi-Isothermal Expander by Spraying Water",
abstract = "Compressed air energy storage (CAES) technology is considered as a promising method to improve the reliability and efficiency of the electricity transmission and distribution, especially with high penetration of renewable energy. The expander is a vital component of CAES system. The specific work generation through an expander can be improved through an isothermal expander compared with an adiabatic expansion process. And the temperature is almost constant, which enables the expander operate with high pressure ratio. A specific reciprocating expander with high pressure ratio is developed and its adiabatic expansion process is measured. A numerical modelling is constructed to mimic the adiabatic expansion, and it is validated by the experimental results. Furthermore, a quasi-isothermal expansion is proposed by using water injection into the cylinder based on the studied expander. The modelling is further developed by introducing water-air direct heat change equations to simulate the quasi-isothermal process. The simulated results of the quasi-isothermal expander when spraying tiny water droplets into the cylinder indicate that the specific work generation is improved by 15.7{\%} compared with that of the adiabatic expansion under the same air inlet condition. The temperature difference is only about 10{\%} of that of the adiabatic process.",
keywords = "Compressed air energy storage, isothermal expander, experiment and simulation, specific work, high pressure ratio",
author = "Zhang, {Xin Jing} and Yujie Xu and Xiezhi Zhou and Yi Zhang and Wen Li and Zhitao Zhuo and Huan Guo and Ye Huang and Haisheng Chen",
note = "Reference text: [1] Obama B. The irreversible momentum of clean energy. Science. 2017. [2] Chu S, Majumdar A. Opportunities and challenges for a sustainable energy future. Nature. 2012;488:294-303. [3] Budt M, Wolf D, Span R, Yan J. A review on compressed air energy storage: Basic principles, past milestones and recent developments. Applied Energy. 2016;170:250-68. [4] Chen H, Cong TN, Yang W, Tan C, Li Y, Ding Y. Progress in electrical energy storage system: A critical review. Progress in Natural Science. 2009;19:291-312. [5] Zhang X, Chen H, Xu Y, Li W, He F, Guo H, et al. Distributed generation with energy storage systems: A case study. Applied Energy. 2017. [6] Igobo ON, Davies PA. Review of low-temperature vapour power cycle engines with quasi-isothermal expansion. Energy. 2014;70:22-34. [7] Odukomaiya A, Abu-Heiba A, Gluesenkamp KR, Abdelaziz O, Jackson RK, Daniel C, et al. Thermal analysis of near-isothermal compressed gas energy storage system. Applied Energy. 2016;179:948-60. [8] Knowlen C, Mattick AT, Bruckner AP, Hertzberg A. High Efficiency Energy Conversion Systems for Liquid Nitrogen Automobiles. SAE International; 1998. [9] Knowlen C, Williams J, Mattick AT, Deparis H, Hertzberg A. Quasi-Isothermal Expansion Engines for Liquid Nitrogen Automotive Propulsion. SAE International; 1997. [10] Li M. Experimental research of internal water-spray cooling in reciprocating compressor. Fluid Engineering. 1993;21:5. [11] Coney MW, Linnemann C, Abdallah HS. A thermodynamic analysis of a novel high efficiency reciprocating internal combustion engine—the isoengine. Energy. 2004;29:2585-600. [12] Jacobs GG, Liebenberg L. The influence of timed coolant injection on compressor efficiency. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments. 2016;18:175-89. [13] Coney MW, Stephenson P, Malmgren A, Linnemann C, Morgan RE, Richards RA, et al. Development Of A Reciprocating Compressor Using Water Injection To Achieve Quasi-Isothermal Compression. International Compressor Engineering Conference. Purdue University: Purdue University; 2002. [14] Bollinger BR. System and method for rapid isothermal gas expansion and compression for energy storage. In: States U, editor. United States: SustainX, Inc., West Lebanon, NH (US); 2010. p. 18. [15] Fone DA, Crane SE, Berlin EP. Compressed air energy storage system utilizing two-phase flow to facilitate heat exchange. In: States U, editor. Unitted States: LightSail Energy, Inc; 2011. p. 63. [16] Zhang X, Xu Y, Xu J, Xue H, Chen H. Study of a single-valve reciprocating expander. Journal of the Energy Institute. 2016;89:400-13. [17] Zhang X, Xue H, Xu Y, Chen H, Tan C. An investigation of an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) based on supercapacitor and liquid nitrogen hybridization system. Energy Conversion and Management. 2014;85:784-92. [18] Lin S, Zhao G. Thermodynamical research of reciprocating compressor spraying water inside for colling. Journal of Engineering Thermophysics. 1987;8:3. [19] Sirignano WA. Fluid Dynamics and Transport of Droplets and Sprays. New York: CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS; 2010.",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "31",
doi = "10.1016/j.egypro.2017.12.475",
language = "English",
volume = "142",
pages = "3388--3393",
journal = "Energy Procedia",
issn = "1876-6102",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Zhang, XJ, Xu, Y, Zhou, X, Zhang, Y, Li, W, Zhuo, Z, Guo, H, Huang, Y & Chen, H 2018, 'Numerical Study of a Quasi-Isothermal Expander by Spraying Water', Energy Procedia, vol. 142, pp. 3388-3393. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2017.12.475

Numerical Study of a Quasi-Isothermal Expander by Spraying Water. / Zhang, Xin Jing; Xu, Yujie; Zhou, Xiezhi; Zhang, Yi; Li, Wen; Zhuo, Zhitao; Guo, Huan; Huang, Ye; Chen, Haisheng.

In: Energy Procedia, Vol. 142, 31.01.2018, p. 3388-3393.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Numerical Study of a Quasi-Isothermal Expander by Spraying Water

AU - Zhang, Xin Jing

AU - Xu, Yujie

AU - Zhou, Xiezhi

AU - Zhang, Yi

AU - Li, Wen

AU - Zhuo, Zhitao

AU - Guo, Huan

AU - Huang, Ye

AU - Chen, Haisheng

N1 - Reference text: [1] Obama B. The irreversible momentum of clean energy. Science. 2017. [2] Chu S, Majumdar A. Opportunities and challenges for a sustainable energy future. Nature. 2012;488:294-303. [3] Budt M, Wolf D, Span R, Yan J. A review on compressed air energy storage: Basic principles, past milestones and recent developments. Applied Energy. 2016;170:250-68. [4] Chen H, Cong TN, Yang W, Tan C, Li Y, Ding Y. Progress in electrical energy storage system: A critical review. Progress in Natural Science. 2009;19:291-312. [5] Zhang X, Chen H, Xu Y, Li W, He F, Guo H, et al. Distributed generation with energy storage systems: A case study. Applied Energy. 2017. [6] Igobo ON, Davies PA. Review of low-temperature vapour power cycle engines with quasi-isothermal expansion. Energy. 2014;70:22-34. [7] Odukomaiya A, Abu-Heiba A, Gluesenkamp KR, Abdelaziz O, Jackson RK, Daniel C, et al. Thermal analysis of near-isothermal compressed gas energy storage system. Applied Energy. 2016;179:948-60. [8] Knowlen C, Mattick AT, Bruckner AP, Hertzberg A. High Efficiency Energy Conversion Systems for Liquid Nitrogen Automobiles. SAE International; 1998. [9] Knowlen C, Williams J, Mattick AT, Deparis H, Hertzberg A. Quasi-Isothermal Expansion Engines for Liquid Nitrogen Automotive Propulsion. SAE International; 1997. [10] Li M. Experimental research of internal water-spray cooling in reciprocating compressor. Fluid Engineering. 1993;21:5. [11] Coney MW, Linnemann C, Abdallah HS. A thermodynamic analysis of a novel high efficiency reciprocating internal combustion engine—the isoengine. Energy. 2004;29:2585-600. [12] Jacobs GG, Liebenberg L. The influence of timed coolant injection on compressor efficiency. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments. 2016;18:175-89. [13] Coney MW, Stephenson P, Malmgren A, Linnemann C, Morgan RE, Richards RA, et al. Development Of A Reciprocating Compressor Using Water Injection To Achieve Quasi-Isothermal Compression. International Compressor Engineering Conference. Purdue University: Purdue University; 2002. [14] Bollinger BR. System and method for rapid isothermal gas expansion and compression for energy storage. In: States U, editor. United States: SustainX, Inc., West Lebanon, NH (US); 2010. p. 18. [15] Fone DA, Crane SE, Berlin EP. Compressed air energy storage system utilizing two-phase flow to facilitate heat exchange. In: States U, editor. Unitted States: LightSail Energy, Inc; 2011. p. 63. [16] Zhang X, Xu Y, Xu J, Xue H, Chen H. Study of a single-valve reciprocating expander. Journal of the Energy Institute. 2016;89:400-13. [17] Zhang X, Xue H, Xu Y, Chen H, Tan C. An investigation of an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) based on supercapacitor and liquid nitrogen hybridization system. Energy Conversion and Management. 2014;85:784-92. [18] Lin S, Zhao G. Thermodynamical research of reciprocating compressor spraying water inside for colling. Journal of Engineering Thermophysics. 1987;8:3. [19] Sirignano WA. Fluid Dynamics and Transport of Droplets and Sprays. New York: CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS; 2010.

PY - 2018/1/31

Y1 - 2018/1/31

N2 - Compressed air energy storage (CAES) technology is considered as a promising method to improve the reliability and efficiency of the electricity transmission and distribution, especially with high penetration of renewable energy. The expander is a vital component of CAES system. The specific work generation through an expander can be improved through an isothermal expander compared with an adiabatic expansion process. And the temperature is almost constant, which enables the expander operate with high pressure ratio. A specific reciprocating expander with high pressure ratio is developed and its adiabatic expansion process is measured. A numerical modelling is constructed to mimic the adiabatic expansion, and it is validated by the experimental results. Furthermore, a quasi-isothermal expansion is proposed by using water injection into the cylinder based on the studied expander. The modelling is further developed by introducing water-air direct heat change equations to simulate the quasi-isothermal process. The simulated results of the quasi-isothermal expander when spraying tiny water droplets into the cylinder indicate that the specific work generation is improved by 15.7% compared with that of the adiabatic expansion under the same air inlet condition. The temperature difference is only about 10% of that of the adiabatic process.

AB - Compressed air energy storage (CAES) technology is considered as a promising method to improve the reliability and efficiency of the electricity transmission and distribution, especially with high penetration of renewable energy. The expander is a vital component of CAES system. The specific work generation through an expander can be improved through an isothermal expander compared with an adiabatic expansion process. And the temperature is almost constant, which enables the expander operate with high pressure ratio. A specific reciprocating expander with high pressure ratio is developed and its adiabatic expansion process is measured. A numerical modelling is constructed to mimic the adiabatic expansion, and it is validated by the experimental results. Furthermore, a quasi-isothermal expansion is proposed by using water injection into the cylinder based on the studied expander. The modelling is further developed by introducing water-air direct heat change equations to simulate the quasi-isothermal process. The simulated results of the quasi-isothermal expander when spraying tiny water droplets into the cylinder indicate that the specific work generation is improved by 15.7% compared with that of the adiabatic expansion under the same air inlet condition. The temperature difference is only about 10% of that of the adiabatic process.

KW - Compressed air energy storage

KW - isothermal expander

KW - experiment and simulation

KW - specific work

KW - high pressure ratio

U2 - 10.1016/j.egypro.2017.12.475

DO - 10.1016/j.egypro.2017.12.475

M3 - Article

VL - 142

SP - 3388

EP - 3393

JO - Energy Procedia

T2 - Energy Procedia

JF - Energy Procedia

SN - 1876-6102

ER -

Zhang XJ, Xu Y, Zhou X, Zhang Y, Li W, Zhuo Z et al. Numerical Study of a Quasi-Isothermal Expander by Spraying Water. Energy Procedia. 2018 Jan 31;142:3388-3393. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2017.12.475