Novel "Squiral" (square spiral) architecture for fast image processing

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Fast image processing is a key element in achieving real-time image and video analysis. We propose a novel framework based on a square spiral (denoted as "squiral") architecture to facilitate fast image processing. Unlike conventional image pixel addressing schemes, where the pixel indices are based on two-dimensional Cartesian coordinates, the spiral addressing scheme enables the image pixel indices to be stored in a one dimensional vector, thereby accelerating the subsequent processing. We refer to the new framework as "Squiral" Image Processing (SIP). Firstly we introduce the approach for SIP conversion that transforms a standard 2D image to a 1D vector according to the proposed "squiral" architecture. Secondly we propose a non-overlapping convolution technique for SIP-based convolution, in which the SIP addressing scheme is incorporated by simulating the phenomenon of eye tremor in the human visual system. Furthermore, we develop a strategy to extend the SIP framework to be multiscale. The performance of the proposed framework is evaluated by the application of SIP-based approaches to edge and corner detection. The results demonstrate the e�ciency of the proposed SIP framework compared with standard convolution.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-381
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Visual Communication and Image Representation
Early online date28 Sept 2017
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 30 Nov 2017


  • square spiral ("squiral") image processing (SIP)
  • spiral addressing scheme
  • eye tremor
  • non-overlapping convolution
  • fast image processing


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