Introduction: The aim of our study was to determine the relationship between neuropeptide B (NPB), neuropeptide W (NPW), nutritional and antioxidant status and selected fat- and bone-derived factors in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) treated using pens (T1DM pen group) or insulin pumps (T1DM pump group) in order to investigate the potential role of NPB and NPW in the clinical outcomes of T1DM.Material and methods: Fifty-eight patients with T1DM and twenty-five healthy controls (CONTR) participated in the study. Assessments of NPB, NPW, total antioxidant status (TAS), leptin, adiponectin, osteocalcin, and free soluble receptor activator for nuclear factor κB (free sRANKL) were conducted.Results: NPB, NPW, leptin, and TAS were lower (by 33%, p < 0.013; 34%, p < 0.008; 290%, p < 0.00004; 21%, p < 0.05; respectively), while adiponectin was by 51% higher (p < 0.006) in T1DM vs. CONTR, while osteocalcin and free sRANKL levels were similar in both groups. NPW was lower in the T1DM pen group both vs. the T1DM pump group (36% lower, p < 0.0009) and vs. the CONTR group (35% lower, p < 0.002). In the T1DM pen group, but not in the T1DM pump group or the CONTR group, the Cole index and TAS levels explain (besides NPB) the variation in NPW values. ROC curves showed that serum levels of leptin, adiponectin, NPB and NPW (but not osteocalcin or free sRANKL) were predictive indicators for T1DM.Conclusions: Measurements of NPB and NPW, besides leptin and adiponectin, are worth considering in the detailed prognosis of nutritional status in T1DM, primarily in the T1DM pen-treated population.
- type 1 diabetes mellitus
- paediatric patients