Redundancy is a ubiquitous property of the nervous system. This means that vastly different configurations of cellular and synaptic components can enable the same neural circuit functions. However, until recently, very little brain disorder research has considered the implications of this characteristic when designing experiments or interpreting data. Here, we first summarise the evidence for redundancy in healthy brains, explaining redundancy and three related sub-concepts: sloppiness, dependencies and multiple solutions. We then lay out key implications for brain disorder research, covering recent examples of redundancy effects in experimental studies on psychiatric disorders. Finally, we give predictions for future experiments based on these concepts.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by funding from the Simons Foundation Autism Research Initiative ( RPG-2019-229 ) and the Medical Research Council ( MR/S026630/1 ).
© 2021 The Author(s)