N-terminal His(7)-modification of glucagon-like peptide-1(7-36) amide generates dipeptidyl peptidase IV-stable analogues with potent antihyperglycaemic activity

BD Green, MH Mooney, Victor Gault, Nigel Irwin, CJ Bailey, P Harriott, B Greer, Finbarr O'Harte, Peter Flatt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Glucagon-like peptide-1(7-36)amide (GLP-1) possesses several unique and beneficial effects for the potential treatment of type 2 diabetes. However, the rapid in-activation of GLP-1 by dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV) results in a short half-life in vivo (less than 2 min) hindering therapeutic development. In the present study, a novel His(7)-modified analogue of GLP-1, N-pyroglutamyl-GLP-1, as well as N-acetyl-GLP-1 were synthesised and tested for DPP IV stability and biological activity. Incubation of GLP-1 with either DPP IV or human plasma resulted in rapid degradation of native GLP-1 to GLP-1 (9-36),amide, while N-acetyl-GLP-1 and N-pyroglutamyl-GLP-1 were completely resistant to degradation. N-acetyl-GLP-1 and N-pyroglutamyl-GLP-1 bound to the GLP-1 receptor but had reduced affinities (IC50 values 32.9 and 6.7 nM, respectively) compared with native GLP-1 (IC50 0.37 nM). Similarly, both analogues stimulated cAMP production with EC50 values of 16.3 and 27 nM respectively compared with GLP-1 (EC50 4.7 nM). However, N-acetyl-GLP-1 and N-pyroglutamyl-GLP-1 exhibited potent insulinotropic activity in vitro at 5.6 mM glucose (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-388
JournalJournal of Endrocrinology
Volume180
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2004

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