Glucagon-like peptide-1(7-36)amide (GLP-1) possesses several unique and beneficial effects for the potential treatment of type 2 diabetes. However, the rapid in-activation of GLP-1 by dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV) results in a short half-life in vivo (less than 2 min) hindering therapeutic development. In the present study, a novel His(7)-modified analogue of GLP-1, N-pyroglutamyl-GLP-1, as well as N-acetyl-GLP-1 were synthesised and tested for DPP IV stability and biological activity. Incubation of GLP-1 with either DPP IV or human plasma resulted in rapid degradation of native GLP-1 to GLP-1 (9-36),amide, while N-acetyl-GLP-1 and N-pyroglutamyl-GLP-1 were completely resistant to degradation. N-acetyl-GLP-1 and N-pyroglutamyl-GLP-1 bound to the GLP-1 receptor but had reduced affinities (IC50 values 32.9 and 6.7 nM, respectively) compared with native GLP-1 (IC50 0.37 nM). Similarly, both analogues stimulated cAMP production with EC50 values of 16.3 and 27 nM respectively compared with GLP-1 (EC50 4.7 nM). However, N-acetyl-GLP-1 and N-pyroglutamyl-GLP-1 exhibited potent insulinotropic activity in vitro at 5.6 mM glucose (P
|Journal||Journal of Endrocrinology|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2004|
Green, BD., Mooney, MH., Gault, V., Irwin, N., Bailey, CJ., Harriott, P., Greer, B., O'Harte, F., & Flatt, P. (2004). N-terminal His(7)-modification of glucagon-like peptide-1(7-36) amide generates dipeptidyl peptidase IV-stable analogues with potent antihyperglycaemic activity. Journal of Endrocrinology, 180(3), 379-388.