Multiple traumatization and subsequent psychopathology in people with intellectual disabilities and DSM-5 PTSD: A preliminary study

Susan Mason-Roberts, Aoife Bradley, Thanos Karatzias, Michael Brown , Douglas Patterson, Robert Walley, Marie Truesdale, Laurence Taggart, Chammy Sirisena

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Background: Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) are at greater risk of exposure to traumatic life events compared to the non-ID population. Yet no study to date has examined the role of multiple traumatisation and subsequent psychopathology in people with ID. The aim of this study was to explore the association between multiple traumatisation and subsequent mental health.

Method: A preliminary cross-sectional study involving 33 participants with DSM-V PTSD completed self-report questionnaires on exposure to traumatic life events and PTSD symptoms, anxiety, depression and general distress.

Results: A proportion of 42.4% of the sample reported multiple traumatisation, including exposure to life events in both childhood and adulthood. Those who reported exposure to life events in childhood and adulthood reported significantly higher risk of harm, depression and general psychological distress compared to those who reported exposure to life events only in adulthood.

Conclusions: Preliminary results indicate that more severe psychopathology is associated with multiple traumatisation in childhood and adulthood compared to trauma experienced solely in adulthood.
LanguageEnglish
Pages730-736
JournalJournal of Intellectual Disability Research
Volume62
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2018

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Disabled Persons
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
Psychopathology
Intellectual Disability
Depression
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Self Report
Mental Health
Anxiety
Cross-Sectional Studies
Psychology
Wounds and Injuries
Population

Cite this

Mason-Roberts, Susan ; Bradley, Aoife ; Karatzias, Thanos ; Brown , Michael ; Patterson, Douglas ; Walley, Robert ; Truesdale, Marie ; Taggart, Laurence ; Sirisena, Chammy. / Multiple traumatization and subsequent psychopathology in people with intellectual disabilities and DSM-5 PTSD: A preliminary study. In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. 2018 ; Vol. 62, No. 8. pp. 730-736.
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abstract = "Background: Individuals with intellectual disability (ID) are at greater risk of exposure to traumatic life events compared to the non-ID population. Yet no study to date has examined the role of multiple traumatisation and subsequent psychopathology in people with ID. The aim of this study was to explore the association between multiple traumatisation and subsequent mental health.Method: A preliminary cross-sectional study involving 33 participants with DSM-V PTSD completed self-report questionnaires on exposure to traumatic life events and PTSD symptoms, anxiety, depression and general distress. Results: A proportion of 42.4{\%} of the sample reported multiple traumatisation, including exposure to life events in both childhood and adulthood. Those who reported exposure to life events in childhood and adulthood reported significantly higher risk of harm, depression and general psychological distress compared to those who reported exposure to life events only in adulthood. Conclusions: Preliminary results indicate that more severe psychopathology is associated with multiple traumatisation in childhood and adulthood compared to trauma experienced solely in adulthood.",
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Mason-Roberts, S, Bradley, A, Karatzias, T, Brown , M, Patterson, D, Walley, R, Truesdale, M, Taggart, L & Sirisena, C 2018, 'Multiple traumatization and subsequent psychopathology in people with intellectual disabilities and DSM-5 PTSD: A preliminary study', Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, vol. 62, no. 8, pp. 730-736. https://doi.org/10.1111/jir.12505

Multiple traumatization and subsequent psychopathology in people with intellectual disabilities and DSM-5 PTSD: A preliminary study. / Mason-Roberts, Susan; Bradley, Aoife; Karatzias, Thanos; Brown , Michael ; Patterson, Douglas; Walley, Robert; Truesdale, Marie; Taggart, Laurence; Sirisena, Chammy.

In: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, Vol. 62, No. 8, 01.06.2018, p. 730-736.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Patterson, Douglas

AU - Walley, Robert

AU - Truesdale, Marie

AU - Taggart, Laurence

AU - Sirisena, Chammy

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