The essential broadcasting feature of radio propagation channels provides an opportunity for multiple nodes to exchange information and work cooperatively, where each node, for example, mobile sensor or robot, plays both the role of transmitter and receiver. Especially in such machine-to-machine communication scenarios, the network performance and redundancy of information from different providers highly affect the work efficiency of each individual node and the whole system. To address these problems, a relay assisted centralised network model with physical layer network coding implemented in the relay is proposed in this study. This structure has the advantage of flexible data exchange and the capability to reduce redundancy in information. Its theoretical performance is analysed by the diversity multiplexing tradeoff, which proves the proposed model is versatile in reliable and high spectral-efficiency information exchange. Experiments of multiple nodes in a machine-to-machine scenario – unmanned aerial vehicles, further reveal its potential in improving efficiency of communication and cooperation.
Luo, C., McClean, S., Parr, G., Ren, P., & Gong, Y. (2013). Multiple-source multiple-destinations relay channels with network coding. IET Communications, 7(17), 1958-1968. https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-com.2012.0828