In multinational enterprises (MNEs), regional management centres (RMCs) most frequently take the form of either dedicated regional headquarters (RHQs) or regional management mandates (RMMs) assigned to operating subsidiaries. We identify a series of critical differences in characteristics and performance between RHQs and RMMs, using a longitudinal sample of 855 Japanese RMCs across 41 countries. We also investigate parent-level differences between MNEs with distinct RMC configurations. We propose a structural complement to regional strategy extensions of the integration-responsiveness framework, and provide an important large sample baseline, aiding new theoretical and empirical research into MNE regional management strategy and structure.
Chakravarty, D., Hsieh, Y-Y., Schotter, A. P. J., & Beamish, P. W. (2017). Multinational enterprise regional management centres: Characteristics and performance. Journal of World Business, 52(2), 296-311. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jwb.2016.12.011