Multilayer event‐based distributed control system for DC microgrids with non‐uniform delays and directional communication

Seyed Amir Alavi, Ardavan Rahimian, Kamyar Mehran, Vahid Vahidinasab

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
86 Downloads (Pure)


The secondary control layer of microgrids is often modelled as a multi‐agent distributed system, coordinated based on consensus protocols. Convergence time of consensus algorithm significantly affects transient stability of microgrids, due to changes in communication topology, switching of distributed generations (DGs), and uncertainty of intermittent energy sources. To minimise convergence time in consensus protocol, this work proposes a multilayer event‐based consensus control framework, which is resilient to communication delays and supports plug‐and‐play (P&P) addition or removal of DGs in DC microgrids of cellular energy systems. A novel bi‐layer optimisation algorithm minimises convergence time by selecting an optimal communication topology graph and then adjusts controllers' parameters. Average consensus is achieved among distributed controllers using an event‐based consensus protocol, considering non‐uniform delays between agents. A realisation method has also been introduced using the directional beamforming technique for topology assignment algorithm based on modern telecommunication technologies. Provided feasibility case study has been implemented on a real‐time hardware‐in‐the‐loop (HIL) experimental testbed, to validate the performance of the proposed framework for key purposes of voltage stabilisation and balanced power‐sharing in DC microgrids.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-281
Number of pages15
JournalIET Generation, Transmission & Distribution
Early online date4 Sept 2021
Publication statusPublished online - 4 Sept 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Authors. IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of The Institution of Engineering and Technology


  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Control and Systems Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Multilayer event‐based distributed control system for DC microgrids with non‐uniform delays and directional communication'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this