Multifunctional photo/thermal catalysts for the reduction of carbon dioxide

K.C. Schwartzenberg, Jeremy Hamilton, A.K. Lucid, E. Weitz, J. Notestein, M. Nolan, JA Byrne, K.A. Gray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The photochemical fixation of CO2 to energy rich products for solar energy storage or feedstock chemicals is an attractive, albeit daunting, challenge. The overall feasibility of CO2 conversion is limited by the availability of efficient photo-active materials that meet the energetic requirements for CO2 reduction and are optically matched to the solar spectrum. Surface modification of TiO2 with earth abundant metal oxides presents one approach to develop visible active photocatalysts through band gap narrowing, while providing catalytic sites to lower the activation energy for CO2 reduction. In this work density functional theory was used to model the effect of surface modification of rutile and anatase using MnOx nanoclusters. The results indicate the formation of inter-band gap states following surface modification with MnOx, but surface water can change this. Oxygen vacancies are predicted to form in supported MnOx and the interaction with CO2 was investigated. MnOx-TiO2 was synthesized and characterised using surface analytical methods and photoelectrochemistry. The interaction of CO2 with the materials under irradiation was probed using in-situ FTIR to interrogate the role of oxygen vacancies in CO2 binding and reaction. These results provide insights into the requirements of a multifunctional catalyst for CO2 conversion.
LanguageEnglish
Pages65-73
JournalCatalysis Today
Volume280
Issue numberPart 1
Early online date17 Jun 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2017

Fingerprint

Carbon Dioxide
Surface treatment
Oxygen vacancies
Catalysts
Energy gap
Nanoclusters
Photocatalysts
Surface waters
Energy storage
Solar energy
Oxides
Feedstocks
Density functional theory
Activation energy
Metals
Earth (planet)
Availability
Irradiation
Hot Temperature
titanium dioxide

Keywords

  • Photocatalysis
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Photoelectrochemistry
  • Density functional theory
  • Oxygen vacancies

Cite this

Schwartzenberg, K. C., Hamilton, J., Lucid, A. K., Weitz, E., Notestein, J., Nolan, M., ... Gray, K. A. (2017). Multifunctional photo/thermal catalysts for the reduction of carbon dioxide. Catalysis Today, 280(Part 1), 65-73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cattod.2016.06.002
Schwartzenberg, K.C. ; Hamilton, Jeremy ; Lucid, A.K. ; Weitz, E. ; Notestein, J. ; Nolan, M. ; Byrne, JA ; Gray, K.A. / Multifunctional photo/thermal catalysts for the reduction of carbon dioxide. In: Catalysis Today. 2017 ; Vol. 280, No. Part 1. pp. 65-73.
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Schwartzenberg, KC, Hamilton, J, Lucid, AK, Weitz, E, Notestein, J, Nolan, M, Byrne, JA & Gray, KA 2017, 'Multifunctional photo/thermal catalysts for the reduction of carbon dioxide', Catalysis Today, vol. 280, no. Part 1, pp. 65-73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cattod.2016.06.002

Multifunctional photo/thermal catalysts for the reduction of carbon dioxide. / Schwartzenberg, K.C.; Hamilton, Jeremy; Lucid, A.K.; Weitz, E.; Notestein, J.; Nolan, M.; Byrne, JA; Gray, K.A.

In: Catalysis Today, Vol. 280, No. Part 1, 01.02.2017, p. 65-73.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Nolan, M.

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Schwartzenberg KC, Hamilton J, Lucid AK, Weitz E, Notestein J, Nolan M et al. Multifunctional photo/thermal catalysts for the reduction of carbon dioxide. Catalysis Today. 2017 Feb 1;280(Part 1):65-73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cattod.2016.06.002