In the present study, an improved iteratively reweighted multivariate alteration detection (IR-MAD) algorithm was proposed to improve the contribution of weakly correlated bands in multi-spectral image change detection. In the proposed algorithm, each image band was given a different weight through single-band iterative weighting, improving the correlation between each pair of bands. This method was used to obtain the characteristic difference in the diagrams of the band that contain more variation information. After removing Gaussian noise from each feature-difference graph, the difference graphs of each band were fused into a change-intensity graph using the Euclidean distance formula. Finally, unsupervised fuzzy C-means (FCM) clustering was used to perform binary clustering on the fused difference graphs to obtain the change detection results. By comparing the original multivariate alteration detection (MAD) algorithm, the IR-MAD algorithm and the proposed IR-MAD algorithm, which used a mask to eliminate strong changes, the experimental results revealed that the multi-spectral change detection results of the proposed algorithm are closer to the actual value and had higher detection accuracy than the other algorithms.
- Multi-spectral change detection
- IR-MAD algorithm
- FCM clustering
- Image change detection