Multi-site implementation of nutrition screening and diagnosis in medical care units: success of the More-2-Eat project

Heather H Keller, Renata Valaitis, Celia V Laur, Tara McNicholl, Yingying Xu, Joel A Dubin, Lori Curtis, Suzanne Obiorah, Sumantra Ray, Paule Bernier, Leah Gramlich, Marilee Stickles-White, Manon Laporte, Jack Bell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background
Improving the detection and treatment of malnourished patients in hospital is needed to promote recovery.

Aim
To describe the change in rates of detection and triaging of care for malnourished patients in 5 hospitals that were implementing an evidence-based nutrition care algorithm. To demonstrate that following this algorithm leads to increased detection of malnutrition and increased treatment to mitigate this condition.

Methods
Sites worked towards implementing the Integrated Nutrition Pathway for Acute Care (INPAC), including screening (Canadian Nutrition Screening Tool) and triage (Subjective Global Assessment; SGA) to detect and diagnose malnourished patients. Implementation occurred over a 24-month period, including developmental (Period 1), implementation (Periods 2–5), and sustainability (Period 6) phases. Audits (n = 36) of patient health records (n = 5030) were conducted to identify nutrition care practices implemented with a variety of strategies and behaviour change techniques.

Results
All sites increased nutrition screening from Period 1, with three achieving the goal of 75% of admitted patients being screened by Period 3, and the remainder achieving a rate of 70% by end of implementation. No sites were conducting SGA at Period 1, and sites reached the goal of a 75% completion rate or referral for those identified to be at nutrition risk, by Period 3 or 4. By Period 2, 100% of patients identified as SGA C (severely malnourished) were receiving a comprehensive nutritional assessment. In Period 1, the nutrition diagnosis and documentation by the dietitian of ‘malnutrition’ was a modest 0.37%, increasing to over 5% of all audited health records. The overall use of any Advanced Nutrition Care practices increased from 31% during Period 1 to 63% during Period 6.

Conclusion
The success of this multi-site study demonstrated that implementation of nutrition screening and diagnosis is feasible and leads to appropriate care. INPAC promotes efficiency in nutrition care while minimizing the risk of missing malnourished patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)897-905
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Nutrition
Volume38
Issue number2
Early online date22 Mar 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2019

Keywords

  • Malnutrition
  • Screening
  • Assessment
  • Hospital
  • Implementation

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Multi-site implementation of nutrition screening and diagnosis in medical care units: success of the More-2-Eat project'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Keller, H. H., Valaitis, R., Laur, C. V., McNicholl, T., Xu, Y., Dubin, J. A., Curtis, L., Obiorah, S., Ray, S., Bernier, P., Gramlich, L., Stickles-White, M., Laporte, M., & Bell, J. (2019). Multi-site implementation of nutrition screening and diagnosis in medical care units: success of the More-2-Eat project. Clinical Nutrition, 38(2), 897-905. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2018.02.009