Motives and Barriers to Physical Activity Among Older Adults of Different Socio-Economic Status.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study explored motives and barriers to physical activity (PA) among older adults of differing socio-economic status (SES) utilising a Self Determination Theory (SDT) and Self-Efficacy Theory framework. Focus groups (n = 4) were conducted with older adults (n = 28) from two SES groups, using thematic analysis to identify motives and barriers. Integrated and identified regulations, and to a lesser extent intrinsic motives were evident across SES groups. Verbal persuasion and affective and physiological states emerged as prominent efficacy sources regardless of SES. More barriers were reported by the low SES group, with health conditions, neighbourhood safety, and PA guidelines knowledge emerging as most salient. Time emerged as a prominent barrier for the high SES group. Integrated and identified regulations should be fostered in future interventions and policy regardless of SES. Barriers to PA varied across SES groups, thus future interventions and policy should account for such differences.
LanguageEnglish
Pages419-429
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Aging and Physical Activity
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2016

Fingerprint

Economics
Persuasive Communication
Personal Autonomy
Self Efficacy
Focus Groups
Guidelines
Safety
Health

Keywords

  • physical activity
  • older adults
  • socio-economic status (SES)
  • Self Determination Theory (SDT)
  • Self-Efficacy Theory framework

Cite this

@article{18adf493803b46cabc30dd0043804592,
title = "Motives and Barriers to Physical Activity Among Older Adults of Different Socio-Economic Status.",
abstract = "This study explored motives and barriers to physical activity (PA) among older adults of differing socio-economic status (SES) utilising a Self Determination Theory (SDT) and Self-Efficacy Theory framework. Focus groups (n = 4) were conducted with older adults (n = 28) from two SES groups, using thematic analysis to identify motives and barriers. Integrated and identified regulations, and to a lesser extent intrinsic motives were evident across SES groups. Verbal persuasion and affective and physiological states emerged as prominent efficacy sources regardless of SES. More barriers were reported by the low SES group, with health conditions, neighbourhood safety, and PA guidelines knowledge emerging as most salient. Time emerged as a prominent barrier for the high SES group. Integrated and identified regulations should be fostered in future interventions and policy regardless of SES. Barriers to PA varied across SES groups, thus future interventions and policy should account for such differences.",
keywords = "physical activity, older adults, socio-economic status (SES), Self Determination Theory (SDT), Self-Efficacy Theory framework",
author = "Philip Gray and Marie Murphy and Alison Gallagher and EEA Simpson",
note = "Epub ahead of print",
year = "2016",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1123/japa.2015-0045",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "419--429",
journal = "Journal of Aging and Physical Activity",
issn = "1063-8652",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Motives and Barriers to Physical Activity Among Older Adults of Different Socio-Economic Status.

AU - Gray, Philip

AU - Murphy, Marie

AU - Gallagher, Alison

AU - Simpson, EEA

N1 - Epub ahead of print

PY - 2016/7

Y1 - 2016/7

N2 - This study explored motives and barriers to physical activity (PA) among older adults of differing socio-economic status (SES) utilising a Self Determination Theory (SDT) and Self-Efficacy Theory framework. Focus groups (n = 4) were conducted with older adults (n = 28) from two SES groups, using thematic analysis to identify motives and barriers. Integrated and identified regulations, and to a lesser extent intrinsic motives were evident across SES groups. Verbal persuasion and affective and physiological states emerged as prominent efficacy sources regardless of SES. More barriers were reported by the low SES group, with health conditions, neighbourhood safety, and PA guidelines knowledge emerging as most salient. Time emerged as a prominent barrier for the high SES group. Integrated and identified regulations should be fostered in future interventions and policy regardless of SES. Barriers to PA varied across SES groups, thus future interventions and policy should account for such differences.

AB - This study explored motives and barriers to physical activity (PA) among older adults of differing socio-economic status (SES) utilising a Self Determination Theory (SDT) and Self-Efficacy Theory framework. Focus groups (n = 4) were conducted with older adults (n = 28) from two SES groups, using thematic analysis to identify motives and barriers. Integrated and identified regulations, and to a lesser extent intrinsic motives were evident across SES groups. Verbal persuasion and affective and physiological states emerged as prominent efficacy sources regardless of SES. More barriers were reported by the low SES group, with health conditions, neighbourhood safety, and PA guidelines knowledge emerging as most salient. Time emerged as a prominent barrier for the high SES group. Integrated and identified regulations should be fostered in future interventions and policy regardless of SES. Barriers to PA varied across SES groups, thus future interventions and policy should account for such differences.

KW - physical activity

KW - older adults

KW - socio-economic status (SES)

KW - Self Determination Theory (SDT)

KW - Self-Efficacy Theory framework

U2 - 10.1123/japa.2015-0045

DO - 10.1123/japa.2015-0045

M3 - Article

VL - 24

SP - 419

EP - 429

JO - Journal of Aging and Physical Activity

T2 - Journal of Aging and Physical Activity

JF - Journal of Aging and Physical Activity

SN - 1063-8652

IS - 3

ER -