MODULATION OF THE RAT HEPATIC CYTOCHROME-P450 COMPOSITION BY LONG-TERM STREPTOZOTOCIN-INDUCED INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES

CR Barnett, Peter Flatt, C Ioannides

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Abstract

The effects of long-term insulin-dependent diabetes on the enzymatic activities of hepatic cytochrome P450 isozymes were determined in rats rendered diabetic by the administration of streptozotocin and killed 4, 8, and 12 weeks following treatment. The O-dealkylations of ethoxyresorufin and pentoxyresorufin were elevated in the diabetic animals throughout the study, the extent of increase being similar at all three time points. p-Nitrophenol hydroxylase activity was induced in the diabetic animals 4 weeks following treatment with streptozotocin, but the extent of increase became less pronounced with the progress of the disease. A modest increase in ethylmorphine N-demethylase activity was also observed but only in the diabetic animals killed 4 weeks after the induction of diabetes. Finally, lauric acid hydroxylase activity was elevated in the diabetic animals 4 weeks following streptozotocin administration but then declined rapidly with the duration of the disease. It is concluded that the duration of diabetes modulates the hepatic cytochrome P450 profile, with the effect being isoenzyme specific. Mechanisms that may account for these changes are discussed.
LanguageEnglish
Pages63-69
JournalJournal of Biochemical Toxicology
Volume9
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1994

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Streptozocin
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
Insulin
Liver
Isoenzymes
Ethylmorphine-N-Demethylase
Cytochrome P-450 CYP4A
Dealkylation
Mixed Function Oxygenases

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title = "MODULATION OF THE RAT HEPATIC CYTOCHROME-P450 COMPOSITION BY LONG-TERM STREPTOZOTOCIN-INDUCED INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES",
abstract = "The effects of long-term insulin-dependent diabetes on the enzymatic activities of hepatic cytochrome P450 isozymes were determined in rats rendered diabetic by the administration of streptozotocin and killed 4, 8, and 12 weeks following treatment. The O-dealkylations of ethoxyresorufin and pentoxyresorufin were elevated in the diabetic animals throughout the study, the extent of increase being similar at all three time points. p-Nitrophenol hydroxylase activity was induced in the diabetic animals 4 weeks following treatment with streptozotocin, but the extent of increase became less pronounced with the progress of the disease. A modest increase in ethylmorphine N-demethylase activity was also observed but only in the diabetic animals killed 4 weeks after the induction of diabetes. Finally, lauric acid hydroxylase activity was elevated in the diabetic animals 4 weeks following streptozotocin administration but then declined rapidly with the duration of the disease. It is concluded that the duration of diabetes modulates the hepatic cytochrome P450 profile, with the effect being isoenzyme specific. Mechanisms that may account for these changes are discussed.",
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MODULATION OF THE RAT HEPATIC CYTOCHROME-P450 COMPOSITION BY LONG-TERM STREPTOZOTOCIN-INDUCED INSULIN-DEPENDENT DIABETES. / Barnett, CR; Flatt, Peter; Ioannides, C.

In: Journal of Biochemical Toxicology, Vol. 9, No. 2, 04.1994, p. 63-69.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - The effects of long-term insulin-dependent diabetes on the enzymatic activities of hepatic cytochrome P450 isozymes were determined in rats rendered diabetic by the administration of streptozotocin and killed 4, 8, and 12 weeks following treatment. The O-dealkylations of ethoxyresorufin and pentoxyresorufin were elevated in the diabetic animals throughout the study, the extent of increase being similar at all three time points. p-Nitrophenol hydroxylase activity was induced in the diabetic animals 4 weeks following treatment with streptozotocin, but the extent of increase became less pronounced with the progress of the disease. A modest increase in ethylmorphine N-demethylase activity was also observed but only in the diabetic animals killed 4 weeks after the induction of diabetes. Finally, lauric acid hydroxylase activity was elevated in the diabetic animals 4 weeks following streptozotocin administration but then declined rapidly with the duration of the disease. It is concluded that the duration of diabetes modulates the hepatic cytochrome P450 profile, with the effect being isoenzyme specific. Mechanisms that may account for these changes are discussed.

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