The effects of long-term insulin-dependent diabetes on the enzymatic activities of hepatic cytochrome P450 isozymes were determined in rats rendered diabetic by the administration of streptozotocin and killed 4, 8, and 12 weeks following treatment. The O-dealkylations of ethoxyresorufin and pentoxyresorufin were elevated in the diabetic animals throughout the study, the extent of increase being similar at all three time points. p-Nitrophenol hydroxylase activity was induced in the diabetic animals 4 weeks following treatment with streptozotocin, but the extent of increase became less pronounced with the progress of the disease. A modest increase in ethylmorphine N-demethylase activity was also observed but only in the diabetic animals killed 4 weeks after the induction of diabetes. Finally, lauric acid hydroxylase activity was elevated in the diabetic animals 4 weeks following streptozotocin administration but then declined rapidly with the duration of the disease. It is concluded that the duration of diabetes modulates the hepatic cytochrome P450 profile, with the effect being isoenzyme specific. Mechanisms that may account for these changes are discussed.
|Journal||Journal of Biochemical Toxicology|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 1994|