Modulation of Salmonella infection by the lectins of Canavalia ensiformis (Con A) and Galanthus nivalis (GNA) in a rat model in vivo

Patrick Naughton, G Grant, S Bardocz, A Pusztai

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The plant lectins, Concanavalin A (Con A) and Galanthus nivalis agglutinin (GNA) have been prefed to rats for 3 d pre- and 6 d postinfection with Salmonella typhimurium S986 or Salm. enteritidis 857. Con A significantly increased numbers of Salm. typhimurium S986 in the large intestine and in faeces, and severely impaired growth of the rats, more severely than is the case of infection with Salmonella typhimurium alone. Con A had much less effect on rats infected with Salm. enteritidis 857 only showing a significant increase in numbers in the colon, accompanied by intermittent increases of Salmonella in the faeces during the study. GNA significantly reduced pathogen numbers in the lower part of the small bowel and the large intestine of rats infected with Salm. typhimurium S986 and significantly improved rat growth. GNA had little effect on infection by Salm. enteritidis 857 with slight decreases in Salmonella numbers in the small intestine and large intestine and transient increases in the faeces.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)720-727
JournalJournal of Applied Microbiology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2000



  • Salmonella
  • ConA
  • GNA
  • plant lectins

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