Modifiable behaviors help to explain the inequalities in perceived health associated with deprivation and social class: evidence from a national sample

Alan M Nevill, Paul Donnelly, Simon Shibli, Marie H Murphy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The association between health and deprivation is of serious concern to many health promotion agencies. The purpose of the current study was to assess whether modifiable behaviors of physical activity (PA), sports participation, diet, smoking and body mass index (BMI) can help to explain these inequalities in a sample of 4653 respondents from Northern Ireland.METHODS: The study is based on a cross-sectional survey of Northern Irish adults. Responses to a self-rated health question were dichotomized and binary logistic regression was used to identify the health inequalities between areas of high, middle or low deprivation. These differences were further adjusted for other sociodemographic factors and subsequently for various modifiable behaviors of PA, sports participation, diet, smoking, and BMI.RESULTS: Respondents from high and middle areas of deprivation are more likely to report poorer health. As soon as sociodemographic factors and other modifiable behaviors were included, these inequalities either disappeared or were greatly reduced.CONCLUSION: Many inequalities in health in NI can be explained by the respondents' sociodemographic characteristics that can be further explained by introducing information about respondents who meet the recommended PA guidelines, play sport, eat 5 portions of fruit and vegetables, and maintain an optimal BMI.
LanguageEnglish
Pages339-347
JournalJournal of Physical Activity and Health
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014

Fingerprint

Social Class
Health
Sports
Body Mass Index
Exercise
Smoking
Diet
Northern Ireland
Health Promotion
Vegetables
Fruit
Cross-Sectional Studies
Logistic Models
Guidelines
Surveys and Questionnaires

Cite this

@article{a10f5707420e436498671b32f34055d1,
title = "Modifiable behaviors help to explain the inequalities in perceived health associated with deprivation and social class: evidence from a national sample",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: The association between health and deprivation is of serious concern to many health promotion agencies. The purpose of the current study was to assess whether modifiable behaviors of physical activity (PA), sports participation, diet, smoking and body mass index (BMI) can help to explain these inequalities in a sample of 4653 respondents from Northern Ireland.METHODS: The study is based on a cross-sectional survey of Northern Irish adults. Responses to a self-rated health question were dichotomized and binary logistic regression was used to identify the health inequalities between areas of high, middle or low deprivation. These differences were further adjusted for other sociodemographic factors and subsequently for various modifiable behaviors of PA, sports participation, diet, smoking, and BMI.RESULTS: Respondents from high and middle areas of deprivation are more likely to report poorer health. As soon as sociodemographic factors and other modifiable behaviors were included, these inequalities either disappeared or were greatly reduced.CONCLUSION: Many inequalities in health in NI can be explained by the respondents' sociodemographic characteristics that can be further explained by introducing information about respondents who meet the recommended PA guidelines, play sport, eat 5 portions of fruit and vegetables, and maintain an optimal BMI.",
author = "Nevill, {Alan M} and Paul Donnelly and Simon Shibli and Murphy, {Marie H}",
year = "2014",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1123/jpah.2012-0044",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "339--347",
journal = "Journal of Physical Activity and Health",
issn = "1543-3080",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Modifiable behaviors help to explain the inequalities in perceived health associated with deprivation and social class: evidence from a national sample

AU - Nevill, Alan M

AU - Donnelly, Paul

AU - Shibli, Simon

AU - Murphy, Marie H

PY - 2014/2

Y1 - 2014/2

N2 - BACKGROUND: The association between health and deprivation is of serious concern to many health promotion agencies. The purpose of the current study was to assess whether modifiable behaviors of physical activity (PA), sports participation, diet, smoking and body mass index (BMI) can help to explain these inequalities in a sample of 4653 respondents from Northern Ireland.METHODS: The study is based on a cross-sectional survey of Northern Irish adults. Responses to a self-rated health question were dichotomized and binary logistic regression was used to identify the health inequalities between areas of high, middle or low deprivation. These differences were further adjusted for other sociodemographic factors and subsequently for various modifiable behaviors of PA, sports participation, diet, smoking, and BMI.RESULTS: Respondents from high and middle areas of deprivation are more likely to report poorer health. As soon as sociodemographic factors and other modifiable behaviors were included, these inequalities either disappeared or were greatly reduced.CONCLUSION: Many inequalities in health in NI can be explained by the respondents' sociodemographic characteristics that can be further explained by introducing information about respondents who meet the recommended PA guidelines, play sport, eat 5 portions of fruit and vegetables, and maintain an optimal BMI.

AB - BACKGROUND: The association between health and deprivation is of serious concern to many health promotion agencies. The purpose of the current study was to assess whether modifiable behaviors of physical activity (PA), sports participation, diet, smoking and body mass index (BMI) can help to explain these inequalities in a sample of 4653 respondents from Northern Ireland.METHODS: The study is based on a cross-sectional survey of Northern Irish adults. Responses to a self-rated health question were dichotomized and binary logistic regression was used to identify the health inequalities between areas of high, middle or low deprivation. These differences were further adjusted for other sociodemographic factors and subsequently for various modifiable behaviors of PA, sports participation, diet, smoking, and BMI.RESULTS: Respondents from high and middle areas of deprivation are more likely to report poorer health. As soon as sociodemographic factors and other modifiable behaviors were included, these inequalities either disappeared or were greatly reduced.CONCLUSION: Many inequalities in health in NI can be explained by the respondents' sociodemographic characteristics that can be further explained by introducing information about respondents who meet the recommended PA guidelines, play sport, eat 5 portions of fruit and vegetables, and maintain an optimal BMI.

U2 - 10.1123/jpah.2012-0044

DO - 10.1123/jpah.2012-0044

M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - 339

EP - 347

JO - Journal of Physical Activity and Health

T2 - Journal of Physical Activity and Health

JF - Journal of Physical Activity and Health

SN - 1543-3080

ER -