Modelling the Geomorphological Effects of Till Redistribution: Assessing a Dynamic Theory for Rogen Moraine Formation and Drumlin Formation

R.C.A Hindmarsh, P Dunlop, Chris D Clark

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Abstract

A theory of sub-glacial till deformation which predicts the correct wavelength for Rogen moraine formation has emerged over the past few years. It relies on plausible values for ice velocity, shear stress and the water pressure beneath the ice, none of which are well constrained. These values are sufficient to define a till viscosity. The wavelength of Rogen moraine formation is particularly dependent on the ice viscosity chosen, which is a much better constrained parameter. The theory is compared with an extensive suite of Rogen moraine wavelength measurements taken from imagery of Europe and Canada. The theory shows qualitative promise in explaining some aspects of drumlinisation of pre- exisiting relief, and can explain the curious phenomenon of drumlins having blunt ends at either or both ends. The theory has yet to explain drumlin formation as a 3d instability phenomenon, and may have some difficulties in explaining the relative thickneses of till carapaces and stratified cores, if these phenomena are associated with instabilities rather than drumlinisation of pre-existing features.
In this paper, a recent version of the theory is presented and its successes and difficulties are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages123
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 24 Jul 2003
EventXVI Congress of the International Union for Quaternary Research - Reno, United States
Duration: 24 Jul 200330 Jul 2003
https://www.dri.edu/inqua-16th-congress

Conference

ConferenceXVI Congress of the International Union for Quaternary Research
Abbreviated titleINQUA
CountryUnited States
CityReno
Period24/07/0330/07/03
Internet address

Keywords

  • Rogen moraine
  • drumlin
  • modelling

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    Hindmarsh, R. C. A., Dunlop, P., & Clark, C. D. (2003). Modelling the Geomorphological Effects of Till Redistribution: Assessing a Dynamic Theory for Rogen Moraine Formation and Drumlin Formation. 123. Abstract from XVI Congress of the International Union for Quaternary Research, Reno, United States.