Mild solar photo-Fenton: An effective tool for the removal of Fusarium from simulated municipal effluents

M. Inmaculada Polo-López, Irene García-Fernández, Theodora Velegraki, Athanasia Katsoni, Isabel Oller, Dionissios Mantzavinos, P Fernandez Ibanez

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78 Citations (Scopus)


In this work, the efficacy of natural solar radiation (up to 21.1 kJ/L of UV energy dose) combined with homogeneous iron (5 and 10 mg/L Fe2+ ) and/or hydrogen peroxide (10 and 20 mg/L) to treat a simu- lated municipal effluent in a solar bottle reactor was assessed. Emphasis was given on the inactivation of resistant spores with Fusarium solani serving as the test species in a matrix containing 25 mg/L of dissolved organic carbon, 65 mg/L of inorganic carbon and pH about 8. Processes like dark Fenton oxi- dation (5 mg/L Fe2+ and 10 mg/L H2 O2 at pH 3), solar radiation alone (at 21.1 kJ/L and pH 3–8) and H2 O2 oxidation alone (up to 20 mg/L in the dark) led to no or inadequate disinfection, thus showing the resis- tance of F. solani. Solar irradiation in the presence of 10 mg/L peroxide led to complete inactivation (i.e. ≤2 CFU/mL which is the detection limit) with 11.9 kJ/L at pH 3 and 16.9 kJ/L at pH 4–8, but no mineral- ization occurred. When the process was added 5 mg/L Fe2+ , complete inactivation required 17.1 kJ/L at pH 3 but this was accompanied by 36% mineralization. Interestingly, doubling the concentration iron and peroxide hindered inactivation but promoted mineralization; these results demonstrate a competi- tive effect between spores and the effluent organic matter for hydrogen peroxide, hydroxyl radicals and other ROS and highlight the importance of the nature of the microorganism. Finally, the implications for wastewater treatment are also discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)545-554
JournalApplied Catalysis B: Environmental
Early online date7 Nov 2011
Publication statusPublished online - 7 Nov 2011


  • Solar disinfection
  • Fusarium solon
  • Mineralization
  • Wastewater Competition


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