Microneedle-Mediated Transdermal Delivery of Bevacizumab

Aaron J. Courtenay, Maeliosa T. C. McCrudden, Kathryn J. McAvoy, Helen O. McCarthy, Ryan F. Donnelly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

85 Citations (Scopus)
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Bevacizumab is a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody used clinically as a combination chemotherapeutic. Antibody therapeutics are usually formulated as parenteral injections, owing to their low oral bioavailability. Microneedle technology provides a transdermal alternative for drug-delivery using micron-scale needle structures to penetrate directly through the stratum corneum into the dermal interstitium. This study describes the design, formulation, and in vitro characterization of both dissolving and hydrogel-forming microneedle array platforms for transdermal delivery of bevacizumab. Bevacizumab recovery and transdermal permeation studies were conducted and analyzed using bevacizumab specific ELISA. Prototype microneedle-patches were tested in vivo in Sprague–Dawley rats with serum, exterior lumbar and axial lymph nodes, spleen, and skin tissue concentrations of bevacizumab reported. This work represents the first example of high dose transdermal delivery of an antibody therapeutic in vivo using dissolving and hydrogel-forming microneedle platforms. Basic pharmacokinetic parameters are described including hydrogel-forming microneedles: Cmax 358.2 ± 100.4 ng/mL, Tmax 48 h, AUC 44357 ± 4540, and Css 942 ± 95 ng/mL, highlighting the potential for these devices to provide sustained delivery of antibody therapeutics to the lymph and systemic circulation. Targeted delivery of chemotherapeutic agents to the lymphatic system by MN technology may provide new treatment options for cancer metastases.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3545-3556
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Pharmaceutics
Issue number8
Early online date11 Jul 2018
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - 6 Aug 2018


  • microneedle
  • bevacizumab
  • transdermal
  • hydrogel-forming
  • dissolving


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