Microbial Enzymes with Special Characteristics for Biotechnological Applications

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

This article overviews the enzymes produced by microorganisms, which have been extensively studied worldwide for their isolation, purification and characterization of their specific properties. Researchers have isolated specific microorganisms from extreme sources under extreme culture conditions, with the objective that such isolated microbes would possess the capability to bio-synthesize special enzymes. Various Bio-industries require enzymes possessing special characteristics for their applications in processing of substrates and raw materials. The microbial enzymes act as bio-catalysts to perform reactions in bio-processes in an economical and environmentally-friendly way as opposed to the use of chemical catalysts. The special characteristics of enzymes are exploited for their commercial interest and industrial applications, which include: thermotolerance, thermophilic nature, tolerance to a varied range of pH, stability of enzyme activity over a range of temperature and pH, and other harsh reaction conditions. Such enzymes have proven their utility in bio-industries such as food, leather, textiles, animal feed, and in bio-conversions and bio-remediations.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publication"Enzymes and Their Biotechnological Applications" - Special Issue of Journal Biomolecules
EditorsPabulo H. Rampelotto
Place of PublicationMDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland
PublisherMDPI
Pages597 -611
ISBN (Print)ISBN 978-3-03842-147-4 (electronic), ISBN 978-3-03842-148-1 (print)
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jan 2016

Fingerprint

Enzymes
Microorganisms
Catalysts
Leather
Bioremediation
Enzyme activity
Industrial applications
Purification
Industry
Textiles
Raw materials
Animals
Substrates
Processing
Temperature

Keywords

  • Microbial enzymes
  • biotechnology

Cite this

Singh - Nee Nigam, P. (2016). Microbial Enzymes with Special Characteristics for Biotechnological Applications. In P. H. Rampelotto (Ed.), "Enzymes and Their Biotechnological Applications" - Special Issue of Journal Biomolecules (pp. 597 -611). MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland: MDPI. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom3030597
Singh - Nee Nigam, Poonam. / Microbial Enzymes with Special Characteristics for Biotechnological Applications. "Enzymes and Their Biotechnological Applications" - Special Issue of Journal Biomolecules. editor / Pabulo H. Rampelotto. MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland : MDPI, 2016. pp. 597 -611
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Singh - Nee Nigam, P 2016, Microbial Enzymes with Special Characteristics for Biotechnological Applications. in PH Rampelotto (ed.), "Enzymes and Their Biotechnological Applications" - Special Issue of Journal Biomolecules. MDPI, MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland, pp. 597 -611. https://doi.org/10.3390/biom3030597

Microbial Enzymes with Special Characteristics for Biotechnological Applications. / Singh - Nee Nigam, Poonam.

"Enzymes and Their Biotechnological Applications" - Special Issue of Journal Biomolecules. ed. / Pabulo H. Rampelotto. MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland : MDPI, 2016. p. 597 -611.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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Singh - Nee Nigam P. Microbial Enzymes with Special Characteristics for Biotechnological Applications. In Rampelotto PH, editor, "Enzymes and Their Biotechnological Applications" - Special Issue of Journal Biomolecules. MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland: MDPI. 2016. p. 597 -611 https://doi.org/10.3390/biom3030597