Microbial decolourisation and degradation of textile dyes

Geoffrey McMullan, C Meehan, A Conneely, N Kirby, T Robinson, P Nigam, Ibrahim Banat, Roger Marchant, WE Smyth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

802 Citations (Scopus)


Dyes and dyestuffs find use in a wide range of industries but are of primary importance to textile manufacturing. Wastewater from the textile industry can contain a variety of polluting substances including dyes. Increasingly, environmental legislation is being imposed to control the release of dyes, in particular azo-based compounds, into the environment. The ability of microorganisms to decolourise and metabolise dyes has long been known, and the use of bioremediation based technologies for treating textile wastewater has attracted interest. Within this review, we investigate the mechanisms by which diverse categories of microorganisms, such as the white-rot fungi and anaerobic bacterial consortia, bring about the degradation of dyestuffs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-87
JournalApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished (in print/issue) - Jul 2001


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