Duodenal mucosal resurfacing (DMR) is a novel day-case endoscopic intervention which results in weight loss-independent reductions in HbA1c in patient with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). We hypothesized that DMR works by increasing insulin sensitivity and we aimed to investigate the mechanism of action of DMR through longitudinal metabolic phenotyping in humans.
Thirty-two insulin-resistant women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and obesity were randomised in a double-blinded manner to DMR or sham endoscopy. They underwent measurements of insulin sensitivity using euglycaemic hyperinsulinaemic clamps, insulin secretion using oral glucose tolerance tests and reproductive function using weekly reproductive hormone profiles and ovarian ultrasonography for 6 months post-intervention.
A small increase in total body insulin sensitivity measured by the clamp was observed in both groups at week 12. An increase in insulin sensitivity, as measured by HOMA-IR, was observed in both groups at week 24. There was an increase in the number of menses (median 2 DMR, 0.5 sham). There were no significant differences between the two groups in these outcomes or insulin secretion.
These findings suggest that DMR does not work by increasing insulin sensitivity in euglycaemic, insulin resistant women with PCOS. The procedure may exert its effects only in the context of hyperglycaemia or pathologically hyperplastic, insulin-desensitised duodenal mucosa.
- Polycystic ovarian syndrome
- Small intestine