Mechanism of photocatalytic disinfection using titania-graphenecomposites under UV and visible irradiation

Brenda R. Cruz-Ortiz, Jeremy Hamilton, Cristina Pablos, Lourdes Díaz-Jiménez, Dora A. Cortés-Hernández, Preetam K. Sharma, María Castro-Alférez, Pilar Fernandez-Ibanez, PSM Dunlop, JA Byrne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Photocatalysis has been shown to be effective for the disinfection of water contaminated with pathogenic microorganisms. In order to increase the solar efficiency of photocatalysis on titanium dioxide (TiO2) it is necessary to modify the TiO2 so that visible photons may be utilised in addition to the UV. TiO2 – reduced graphene oxide composites (TiO2-rGO) were prepared by the photocatalytic reduction of exfoliated graphene oxide (GO) using P25 (Evonik-Aeroxide) as the photocatalyst. The composites were tested for the inactivation of E. coli as the model microorganism under UV–Vis and visible only irradiation at relatively low light intensities to help elucidate the mechanism of disinfection. The results showed a 6 log inactivation of E. coli after 120 min of treatment with unmodified TiO2-P25 and the same level of inactivation was achieved after 90 min with TiO2-rGO under UV–Vis irradiation. Under visible irradiation only, the TiO2-rGO gave a 5.3 log inactivation of E. coli following 180 min of treatment whereas the unmodified P25 gave only a 1.7 log-reduction in the same time, similar to that observed in the light control. Usingprobes, the main reactive oxygen species involved in the disinfection process were determined to be hydrogen peroxide, hydroxyl radicals, and singlet oxygen under UV–Vis irradiation; and only singlet oxygen under visible only irradiation. Scavenger studies were also performed to further elucidate the mechanism of disinfection
LanguageEnglish
Pages179-186
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume316
Early online date25 Jan 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2017

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Disinfection
Graphite
Oxides
Irradiation
Escherichia coli
Singlet Oxygen
Photocatalysis
Composite materials
Microorganisms
Photocatalysts
Hydroxyl Radical
Hydrogen Peroxide
Reactive Oxygen Species
Photons
titanium dioxide
Water

Keywords

  • Disinfection
  • TiO2-rGO
  • Visible light activity
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • Photocatalytic mechanism
  • Scavenger studies

Cite this

Cruz-Ortiz, Brenda R. ; Hamilton, Jeremy ; Pablos, Cristina ; Díaz-Jiménez, Lourdes ; Cortés-Hernández, Dora A. ; Sharma, Preetam K. ; Castro-Alférez, María ; Fernandez-Ibanez, Pilar ; Dunlop, PSM ; Byrne, JA. / Mechanism of photocatalytic disinfection using titania-graphenecomposites under UV and visible irradiation. In: Chemical Engineering Journal. 2017 ; Vol. 316. pp. 179-186.
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abstract = "Photocatalysis has been shown to be effective for the disinfection of water contaminated with pathogenic microorganisms. In order to increase the solar efficiency of photocatalysis on titanium dioxide (TiO2) it is necessary to modify the TiO2 so that visible photons may be utilised in addition to the UV. TiO2 – reduced graphene oxide composites (TiO2-rGO) were prepared by the photocatalytic reduction of exfoliated graphene oxide (GO) using P25 (Evonik-Aeroxide) as the photocatalyst. The composites were tested for the inactivation of E. coli as the model microorganism under UV–Vis and visible only irradiation at relatively low light intensities to help elucidate the mechanism of disinfection. The results showed a 6 log inactivation of E. coli after 120 min of treatment with unmodified TiO2-P25 and the same level of inactivation was achieved after 90 min with TiO2-rGO under UV–Vis irradiation. Under visible irradiation only, the TiO2-rGO gave a 5.3 log inactivation of E. coli following 180 min of treatment whereas the unmodified P25 gave only a 1.7 log-reduction in the same time, similar to that observed in the light control. Usingprobes, the main reactive oxygen species involved in the disinfection process were determined to be hydrogen peroxide, hydroxyl radicals, and singlet oxygen under UV–Vis irradiation; and only singlet oxygen under visible only irradiation. Scavenger studies were also performed to further elucidate the mechanism of disinfection",
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Mechanism of photocatalytic disinfection using titania-graphenecomposites under UV and visible irradiation. / Cruz-Ortiz, Brenda R.; Hamilton, Jeremy; Pablos, Cristina; Díaz-Jiménez, Lourdes; Cortés-Hernández, Dora A.; Sharma, Preetam K.; Castro-Alférez, María; Fernandez-Ibanez, Pilar; Dunlop, PSM; Byrne, JA.

In: Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 316, 15.05.2017, p. 179-186.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mechanism of photocatalytic disinfection using titania-graphenecomposites under UV and visible irradiation

AU - Cruz-Ortiz, Brenda R.

AU - Hamilton, Jeremy

AU - Pablos, Cristina

AU - Díaz-Jiménez, Lourdes

AU - Cortés-Hernández, Dora A.

AU - Sharma, Preetam K.

AU - Castro-Alférez, María

AU - Fernandez-Ibanez, Pilar

AU - Dunlop, PSM

AU - Byrne, JA

PY - 2017/5/15

Y1 - 2017/5/15

N2 - Photocatalysis has been shown to be effective for the disinfection of water contaminated with pathogenic microorganisms. In order to increase the solar efficiency of photocatalysis on titanium dioxide (TiO2) it is necessary to modify the TiO2 so that visible photons may be utilised in addition to the UV. TiO2 – reduced graphene oxide composites (TiO2-rGO) were prepared by the photocatalytic reduction of exfoliated graphene oxide (GO) using P25 (Evonik-Aeroxide) as the photocatalyst. The composites were tested for the inactivation of E. coli as the model microorganism under UV–Vis and visible only irradiation at relatively low light intensities to help elucidate the mechanism of disinfection. The results showed a 6 log inactivation of E. coli after 120 min of treatment with unmodified TiO2-P25 and the same level of inactivation was achieved after 90 min with TiO2-rGO under UV–Vis irradiation. Under visible irradiation only, the TiO2-rGO gave a 5.3 log inactivation of E. coli following 180 min of treatment whereas the unmodified P25 gave only a 1.7 log-reduction in the same time, similar to that observed in the light control. Usingprobes, the main reactive oxygen species involved in the disinfection process were determined to be hydrogen peroxide, hydroxyl radicals, and singlet oxygen under UV–Vis irradiation; and only singlet oxygen under visible only irradiation. Scavenger studies were also performed to further elucidate the mechanism of disinfection

AB - Photocatalysis has been shown to be effective for the disinfection of water contaminated with pathogenic microorganisms. In order to increase the solar efficiency of photocatalysis on titanium dioxide (TiO2) it is necessary to modify the TiO2 so that visible photons may be utilised in addition to the UV. TiO2 – reduced graphene oxide composites (TiO2-rGO) were prepared by the photocatalytic reduction of exfoliated graphene oxide (GO) using P25 (Evonik-Aeroxide) as the photocatalyst. The composites were tested for the inactivation of E. coli as the model microorganism under UV–Vis and visible only irradiation at relatively low light intensities to help elucidate the mechanism of disinfection. The results showed a 6 log inactivation of E. coli after 120 min of treatment with unmodified TiO2-P25 and the same level of inactivation was achieved after 90 min with TiO2-rGO under UV–Vis irradiation. Under visible irradiation only, the TiO2-rGO gave a 5.3 log inactivation of E. coli following 180 min of treatment whereas the unmodified P25 gave only a 1.7 log-reduction in the same time, similar to that observed in the light control. Usingprobes, the main reactive oxygen species involved in the disinfection process were determined to be hydrogen peroxide, hydroxyl radicals, and singlet oxygen under UV–Vis irradiation; and only singlet oxygen under visible only irradiation. Scavenger studies were also performed to further elucidate the mechanism of disinfection

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KW - Reactive oxygen species

KW - Photocatalytic mechanism

KW - Scavenger studies

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