Mechanical behaviour of unsaturated kaolin (with isotropic and anisotropic stress history). Part 2: performance under shear loading

V Sivakumar, R Sivakumar, JL Boyd, P Mackinnon

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    15 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Validation of a framework for unsaturated soil behaviourhas frequently resulted in disagreement with basic propositions.A primary reason for this disparity is consideredto be attributable to the anisotropic properties of the soil specimens tested as a result of preparation using onedimensional compaction. As part of the work presented, comparison is made between tests on samples of unsaturated kaolin prepared at identical specific volumes and specific water volumes using isotropic compression and one-dimensional compression. The suctions in the samples were reduced to predefined values by wetting under low isotropic loading in a triaxial cell. The samples were then taken through various stress paths to failure, defined as the critical state strength, while the suctions were held constant. Stress path tests were also performed on samples without reducing the suction to predefined values. In the latter, constant water mass tests, the suctions were allowed to vary and were measured using a psychrometer. The results of the tests at critical state are compared with the propositions of Wheeler and Sivakumar. The shear strengths of samples with isotropic previous history are shown to be significantly greater than those of samples with one-dimensional stress history when plotted against the mean net stress. The normal compression lines, critical state lines and yield characteristics are also shown to be significantly influenced by the previous stresshistory and are shown to be different for isotropically and one-dimensionally prepared samples.
    LanguageEnglish
    Pages595-609
    JournalGéotechnique
    Volume60
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2010

    Fingerprint

    Kaolin
    Psychrometers
    Soils
    Shear strength
    Density (specific gravity)
    Wetting
    Water
    Compaction

    Keywords

    • compaction
    • shear strength
    • stress path
    • suction
    • unsaturation

    Cite this

    Sivakumar, V ; Sivakumar, R ; Boyd, JL ; Mackinnon, P. / Mechanical behaviour of unsaturated kaolin (with isotropic and anisotropic stress history). Part 2: performance under shear loading. In: Géotechnique. 2010 ; Vol. 60, No. 8. pp. 595-609.
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    Mechanical behaviour of unsaturated kaolin (with isotropic and anisotropic stress history). Part 2: performance under shear loading. / Sivakumar, V; Sivakumar, R; Boyd, JL; Mackinnon, P.

    In: Géotechnique, Vol. 60, No. 8, 01.07.2010, p. 595-609.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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