Measuring the macrosystem in post-accord Northern Ireland: A social-ecological approach

Dana Townsend, Laura Taylor, Andrea Furey, Christine Merrilees, Marcie Goeke-Morey, Pete Shirlow, Mark Cummings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The macrosystem refers to the overarching patterns that influence behavior at each level of the social ecology (Bronfenbrenner, 1977), making it a necessary component for assessing human development in contexts of political violence. This article proposes a method for systematically measuring the macrosystem in Northern Ireland that allows for a subnational analysis, multiple time units, and indicators of both low-level violence and positive relations. Articles were randomly chosen for each weekday in 2006-2011 from two prominent Northern Irish newspapers and coded according to their reflection of positive relations and political tensions between Catholics and Protestants. The newspaper data were then compared to existing macro-level measurements in Northern Ireland. We found that the newspaper data provided a more nuanced understanding of fluctuations in intergroup relations than the corresponding measures. This has practical implications for peacebuilding and advances our methods for assessing the impact of macro-level processes on individual development.
LanguageEnglish
JournalPeace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology
Volumen/a
Early online date29 Aug 2016
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 29 Aug 2016

Fingerprint

newspaper
macro level
social ecology
political violence
fluctuation
violence
time

Keywords

  • social ecology
  • macrosystem
  • newspaper data
  • Northern Ireland
  • intergroup conflict

Cite this

Townsend, Dana ; Taylor, Laura ; Furey, Andrea ; Merrilees, Christine ; Goeke-Morey, Marcie ; Shirlow, Pete ; Cummings, Mark. / Measuring the macrosystem in post-accord Northern Ireland: A social-ecological approach. In: Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology. 2016 ; Vol. n/a.
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abstract = "The macrosystem refers to the overarching patterns that influence behavior at each level of the social ecology (Bronfenbrenner, 1977), making it a necessary component for assessing human development in contexts of political violence. This article proposes a method for systematically measuring the macrosystem in Northern Ireland that allows for a subnational analysis, multiple time units, and indicators of both low-level violence and positive relations. Articles were randomly chosen for each weekday in 2006-2011 from two prominent Northern Irish newspapers and coded according to their reflection of positive relations and political tensions between Catholics and Protestants. The newspaper data were then compared to existing macro-level measurements in Northern Ireland. We found that the newspaper data provided a more nuanced understanding of fluctuations in intergroup relations than the corresponding measures. This has practical implications for peacebuilding and advances our methods for assessing the impact of macro-level processes on individual development.",
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note = "Reference text: References ARK. (2014). Northern Ireland Life and Times Survey, 2006-2013. ARK. Retrieved on 20 July, 2015 from www.ark.ac.uk/nilt Bronfenbrenner, U. (1977). Toward an experimental ecology of human development. American Psychologist, 32, 513–531. Cicchetti, D. V. (1994). Guidelines, criteria and rules of thumb for evaluating normed and standardized assessment instruments in psychology. Psychological Assessment, 6(4), 284-290. Cummings, E. M., Merrilees, C. E., Taylor, L. K., Shirlow, P., Goeke-Morey, M. C., & Cairns, E. (2013). Longitudinal relations between sectarian and nonsectarian community violence and child adjustment in Northern Ireland. Developmental Psychopathology, 25, 615-627. Gibney, M., Cornett, L., Wood, R., & Haschke, P. (2014). Political Terror Scale 1976-2012. Retrieved April 19, 2014 from http://www.politicalterrorscale.org Hallgren, K. A. (2012). Computing inter-rater reliability for observational data: An overview and tutorial. Tutorials in Quantitative Methods for Psychology, 8(1), 23-34. NISRA, Northern Ireland Neighbourhood Information Service. (2011). NINIS data catalogue. Retrieved on April 27, 2014 from http://www.ninis.nisra.gov.uk/mapxtreme/DataCatalogue.asp?button=Crime {\"O}berg, M. & Sollenberg, M. (2011). Gathering conflict information using news resources. In K. H{\"o}glund & M. {\"O}berg (Eds.), Understanding peace research: Methods and challenges (pp. 47-73). London: Routledge. Schulz, M. S., & Waldinger, R. J. (2005). The value of pooling “na{\"i}ve” expertise. American Psychologist, 60(6), 656-662. Shirlow, P., Taylor, L. K., Merrilees, C. E., Goeke-Morey, M. C., & Cummings, E. M. (2013). Sectarian hate crime: Record or perception? Space & Polity, 17(2), 237-252.",
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Measuring the macrosystem in post-accord Northern Ireland: A social-ecological approach. / Townsend, Dana; Taylor, Laura; Furey, Andrea; Merrilees, Christine; Goeke-Morey, Marcie; Shirlow, Pete; Cummings, Mark.

In: Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, Vol. n/a, 29.08.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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